First: What is the attribute of the Prophet Muhammad?
A: Muhammad was not a father of any of your men but a messenger (= rasool)* of Allah and the seal (last or end = Khatem) of the prophets (= AlNabiyeen)* and Allah is of everything All-Knowing.
Translation of: Ayah (Line or Verse) 40, Surat (Chapter) AlAhzab in the Qur'an. (33:40)
* Remember the details of the two terms 'messengers' and 'prophets' of Allah. Muslims do not differentiate between the two terms. All of Allah's messengers/prophets were chosen by Allah.
Words: Ab = Father, Rijal = Men, Rasool = Messenger, Khatem = Seal, AlNabiyeen = The Prophets.
Prophet Muhammad was known among his people by many names. The most famous ones are:
Muhammad = praised, Mahmoud = praiseworthy, Ahmad = More laudable (More commendable), AlAmeen = The honest.
The Family Tree of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him:
Muhammad Bin (son of) Abdullah Bin AbdulMutalib Bin Hashim Bin Abd Manaf Bin Qusay Bin Kilab Bin Murah.
(Source: © 2007, Most Rare Antique Group.)
Place and Date of Birth:
House of his uncle AbuTalib (Nowadays preserved as Mecca Library), Mecca (in Saudi Arabia), 570 CE.
Note: The Prophet Muhammad was born orphan. His father 'Abdullah Bin AbdulMutalib' died when his mother 'Amina Bint Wahab' was six months pregnant with the Prophet. Then his mother 'Aminah Bint Wahab' died when the Prophet was six years old.
Place and Date of Death:
AlMadina (in Saudi Arabia), 632 CE.
The order of the following paragraphs is:
Q: Did Muhammad, peace be upon him, make up the Qur'an?
A: He (Prophet Muhammad) does not speak out of whim (fancy). It (Qur'an) is a revelation that is being revealed. He was taught by an angel with super powers. (Gabriel = Jibreel or Jibra'il in Arabic).
Translation of: Ayat 3 - 5, Surat AlNajm.
Words: Yantiq = Speaks, AlHawa = Whim (fancy and delusive imagination) = Wahyun = Revelation, Yuha = Is being revealed, Alamahu = Taught Him, Shadeed = super, very strong, Alqowa = Powers.
Q: What happens to anyone who claims prophethood after the Prophet Muhammad?
A: Who can be more of a transgressor (unjust against Allah) than the one who fabricated lies upon Allah or said that revelation has come upon him when nothing has been revealed to him - and who said I will send down like what Allah sent down - and only if you could see the transgressors (unjust) during the pangs (hardships) of death and the angels stretching out their hands (to strike hard) - (angels say) bring your souls out by yourselves - today you are receiving humiliation punishment for what untruth you were saying upon Allah and because you were arrogantly rejecting His Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic Lines).
Translation of: Ayah 93, Surat AlAn'am. (6:93)
Words: Adhlum = More of a transgressor, Eftara Kathiba = Fabricated lies, Owhiya = Was revealed, AlMout = The Death, Qaala = He said, Anzala = Sent down, AlMala'ikah = The Angels, Baasitou Aydiyahum = Stretching out their hands - Spreading their hands, Gayr AlHaqq = untruth - Lies - other than the truth.
Q: Did some people ask Muhammad, peace be upon him, to make changes in the Qur'an?
A: And when Our Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic verses) that were recited upon them , those who do not hope in meeting Us said: Bring a qur'an other than this or change it. Say: I do not have the right to change it by myself. I only follow what is being revealed to me. If I disobeyed my God I fear the punishment of a Great Day. Say: If Allah wanted I wouldn't have recited it upon you, and you wouldn't have even known it; I had lived among you a life before this*, so won't you understand!?
Translation of: Ayat 15 - 16, Surat Yunus.
* 40 years. At the age of 40 the revelation of the Qur'an came upon the The Prophet Muhammad. At 50 his first and only wife 'Khadija' then died. At 63 the Prophet peace be upon him died.
Words: Tutla' = Recited upon them, Ayatuna = Our Miraculous Signs, Yarjouna = They hope, Liqa'ana = Meeting Us, Badil'hu = Change it, Nafsi = My Self, Akha'f = Fear, Aseetu = Disobeyed, Umr = Life, Takiloun You understand.
Q: What would have happened to Muhammad, peace be upon him, if he had tried to change the Qur'an from what it was
A: And they were about to tempt you away from what We had revealed to you so that you make up in Our name (Allah) a different one and thus they would have made you their close friend. And if We hadn't made you firm you could have somehow inclined to them. Then We would have made you suffer double in life and double in death and you wouldn't have found a supporter against Us.
Translation of: Ayat 73 - 75, Surat AlIsra'.
Words: Yaftin = Tempt, Awhaina = Revealed, Ghayroh = Different one, Khaleel = Close friend, Thabbata = Made Firm, Dhi'f = Double, AlHayat = The Life, AlMammat = The Death, Naseer = Supporter.
Q: How does Allah praise Muhammad, peace be upon him?
A: And there is for you (Prophet Muhammad) a complete reward; And indeed you are of a great character.
Translation of: Ayat 3 - 4, Surat AlQalam (68:3-4)
Words: Ajr = Reward, Ghayr = Not, Manqous = Incomplete, cut, Khuluq = Character - Nature, Adheem = Great.
Q: What did Allah say to those who thought that Islam would end with the death of Muhammad, peace be upon him?
A: And Muhammad is not but a prophet before whom the prophets had passed. So if he died or was killed you would turn back on your heels (become unbelievers again) and who turns back on his heels will not do any harm to Allah and Allah will reward the grateful ones.
Translation of: Ayah 144, Surat AlImran.
Words: Ma = Not, Rasoul = Prophet, Ma'ta = died, Kutila = Was killed, Yanqalib = Returns, Aqibaihi = His heels, Lan = Not, Yadhur = Harm, Shaye' = Bit, Thing, Yajzee = Rewards, AlShakireen = The grateful ones.
Q: Besides delivering Allah's Message why did Allah send the Prophet Muhammad?
A: We sent to you a messenger (Prophet Muhammad) to be a witness* on you as We sent to Pharaoh (Phiroun) a messenger (Prophet Moses); And Pharaoh rejected the messenger so We (Allah) seized him with a severe punishment; So how will you protect yourselves if you disbelieve against a Day that turns the young ones gray-haired (out of fear); The sky in it will be split for His Promise had to be fulfilled; Indeed this is a Reminder so whoever wants let him take towards his God a (Straight) Path.
Translation of: Ayat 15 - 19, Surat AlMuzzammil. (73:15-19)
* The Prophet Muhammad was a witness as he was a warner (against Hell) and a carrier of the good news (of Paradise). (in Surat AlHajj)
Words: Arsanla = We sent, Rasool = Messenger, Shahid = Witness, Akhth = Punishment, Wabeel = Severe, Kafartum = Disbelieve, Yawm = Day, Yajjal = Turns, AlWildaan = The young ones, Sheeba = Gray-haired, Munfatir = Split, Wa'd = Promise, Kana Mafoula = Had to be fulfilled - Had to be done, Etakhtha = Let him take, Sabeela = A Path.
Q: What does Allah say to those who claim that Muhammad, pbuh, has taken the Qur'an from other cultures?
A: And those who disbelieved said: "This (The Qur'an) is only a lie that he (Muhammad) had fabricated and was helped upon it by other people (Jews and Christians);" therefore they had committed aggression and falsehood. And they said: "Mythologies of the ancients, he (Muhammad) had asked to be written for him so they are being dictated upon him morning and evening ." Say: It (The Qur'an) has been sent down by The One who knows The Secret in the Heavens and the earth. Yet He is Forgiving and Merciful.
Translation of: Ayat 4 - 6, Surat AlFurqan.
Words: Kafarou = Disbelieved, Ifk = A lie, Iftarah = Fabricated, A'anaho = Helped him, Kawm = People, A'kharoun = Other people, Zulm = Aggression, Zoor = Falsehood, Asa'teer = Mythologies, AlAwaleen = The Ancients, Tumla = Dictated, Bukrah = Morning, Aseel = Evening, Anzal = Sent down, Ya'lam = Knows, AlSir = The Secret - The Unseen, AlSamawat = The Heavens, AlArdh = The Earth, Ghafoor = Forgiving, Raheem = Merciful.
Q: What are Muslims supposed to say when they hear the name of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him?
A: Indeed Allah and His angels send His (Allah's) blessings on the Prophet (Muhammad); O people who believed say 'Allah's Blessings and Peace be upon him';
For those who harm** Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) Allah had cursed*** them in this Life and the Other Life and had prepared a humiliating punishment for them; And those who harm the men and the women of Faith with other than what they did, so they have carried Falsehood and an explicit sin.
Translation of: Ayat 56 - 58, Surat AlAhzab. (33:56-58)
* In acknowledgement of what Allah and His angels send.
** No one can harm Allah and the Prophet Muhammad after the Prophet's death except by blasphemy (the act of insulting or showing contempt).
*** Allah has made them away from His Mercy.
Words: Sallou = Say Allah's blessings, Sallimou = Say Peace be upon him, AlNabi = The Messenger, AlRasool = The Messenger, La'ana = Had cursed, AlDunya = This Life, Al'Akhirah = The Other Life, Athabb = Punishment, Muheen = Humiliating, Yu'thoun = Harm, AlMo'mineen = Men of Faith - Who believed, AlMo'minat = Women of Faith, Buhtan = Falsehood - Lie, Isthm = Sin, Mubeen = Explicit - Fully developed.
Q: Some claim that the Prophet Muhammad knew the Holy Books of the Jews and the Christians from his trade journeys.
how does Allah refute this allegation?
A: And it was not allowed to any human being that Allah TALKS to him but by inspiration (= Wahyan)* or from behind a barrier (like with Prophet Moses) or by sending a messenger (like with Prophet Muhammad) so he reveals (inspires = Youhi) with His (Allah) permission what He (Allah) wills - He (Allah) is Most-Elevated Most-Wise; And thus We sent to (= Awhayna) you (Prophet Muhammad) a spirit (Angel Gabriet) from Our (Allah's) Command** - you did not know (before) what The Book (Scripture = AlKitab) is nor what Faith (= Iman) is - but We made it (The Qur'an) a LIGHT with which We (Allah) guide whom We will from our devoted people - and you (Prophet Muhammad) are certainly guiding (directing) to a Straight Path; The Path of Allah who owns whatever is in the Heavens and whatever is on earth - well to Allah all matters go back.
Translation of: Ayat 51 - 53, Surat AlShoura.
* According to the famous Qur'an translator Abdullah Yusuf Ali in "The Holy Qur'an: English Translation of the Meanings and Commentary" page 1493. Inspiration can be of two types: 1. a suggestion thrown by Allah into the heart or mind of man 2. verbal or literal inspiration by which the actural Words of Allah are conveyed in human language.
** Angel Gabriel is a mighty ArchAngel.
Words: Ma Kana = It was not allowed, Bashar = Human being, Yukallim = Talks, Wahy = Inspiration, Hijab = Barrier - Separator, Yursil Sends, Rasoul = Messenger, Rouh = Spirit, Min Amrina = From Our Command, AlKitab = The Book, AlIman = Faith, Noor = Light, Ibad = Devoted People - Servants, Tahdi = Guides, Sirat = Path, Tasseer AlUmour = All matters go back - All matters end.
Q: Some people claimed that the Prophet Muhammad was not from humans, what does Allah say?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) I am only a human being like you - being revealed to me that your God is only One God so whoever is looking forward to meeting his God so let him do righteous deeds and not join in the worship of his God anyone.
Translation of: Ayah 110, Surat AlKahf. (18:110)
Words: Misthl = Like, Youha = Is being revealed, Annama = That only, Ilah = God, Yarju = Looking forward, Ya'mal = Do, Amalan Salihan = Righteous deeds - Good deeds, Yushrik = Join any partner, Ibadat = Worship, Rubb = God, Ahad Anyone.
Q: Why did not Prophet Muhammad force people to become Muslims? And could the Prophet Muhammad manage on his own to have some extra knowledge of the Unseen?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) for indeed I am only a warner (= Natheer) and that there is no god except Allah The One, The All-Subduer (Conqueror), The God of the Heavens and the earth and what is between them, The AlMighty, The Most-Forgiving; Say that is Great (Significant) News; You are from it turning away; I did not have knowledge (before The Qur'an) about the Highest Assembly (of angels) when they were arguing*; It is being revealed to me (Prophet Muhammad) that I am only a clear warner --- Say I do not ask you for a reward for it (Qur'an) and I am not from the pretenders; It is only a Message to the inhabitants of the world (all people = Aalameen); And you will know (the truth of) its news after a while.
Translation of: Ayat 65 - 70, 86 - 88, Surat Saad. (38:65-70, 86-88)
* The angels had a concern how the newly created man (Adam) will inherit the earth, shed blood, and make destruction.
Words: Munthir = Warner, Wahid = One, Qahhar = All-Subduer - Conqueror who makes one cry, Naba' = news, Mu'ridh = Turning away, Mala' A'la = Highest Assembly, Yakhtasemoun = Argue (plural), Natheer = Warner, As'al = Ask, Mutakalif = Pretender, Thikr = Message, Aalameen = Inhabitants of the world - All people, Heen = While.
Q: What would have been the punishment of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him if he had made up in the Qur'an
some verses and attributed them to Allah?
A: And I (Allah) do swear by what you see and what you cannot see! It is (Qur'an) the speech of an honorable prophet; And it is not the speech of a poet, little is what you believe! And it is not the speech of a fortune teller, little is what you remember! A revelation from The God of all people; And if he (Prophet Muhammad) made up in Our name some sayings We would have taken him by the right hand (punished); And then We would have cut from him the aorta (blood distributor in the heart); And no one from you would have blocked him; And it is a reminder to the righteous; And We do indeed know that there are from you rejecters (of it) as lies; And it is a regret on the disbelievers; And it is the Truth of The Certainty (Absolute Truth); So glorify the Name of your God, The Sublime.
Translation of: Ayat 38 - 52, Surat AlHaqqah.
Words: LaUksim = I do swear, Tubsir = You see, La Tubsir = You cannot see, Qawl = Speech, Rasool = Prophet, Sha'ir = Poet, Qaleelan = Little, Kaahin = Fortune teller, Tanzeel = Revelation - Sending down, Taqawal'la = Made up, Aqaweel = Sayings, Yameen = Right hand, Qata' = Cut, Wateen = Aorta in the heart, Hajizeen = Would have blocked, Tathkirah = Reminder, Mukathib = Rejector as lies, Hasrah = Regret, Haq = Truth, Yaqeen = Certainty.
Q: Can you imagine the value of the Prophet Muhammad to Allah when Allah swears by his life?
A: And when those who were sent as messengers (angels) came to the family of Lut; He said you are unknown people; They (angels) said rather we have brought you what they (Lut's people) were having doubt about; And we brought you the Truth and indeed we are saying the truth; So walk with your family in parts of the night and (you Lut) follow behind them and let no one of you look back and proceed to where you are ordered; And We (Allah) concluded to him (Lut) that Command for the last one of these is going to be finished by the morning; And the people of the City came announcing the good news (men for sex); He said for these are my guests so do not dishonour me; And fear Allah and do not let me down; They said have we not forbidden you from the people (do not take them as guests); He said these are my daughters if you were going to do (it 'sex');
By your life (Allah takes an oath by Prophet Muhammad) they (homosexuals) are in their intoxication (like drunk) wandering about; So the Scream (of Angel Gabriel that caused a giant wind movement) took them at sunrise. So We made their (cities) upside down And We (Allah) showered (= Amtarna) them with a rain of stones made of baked clay (Sijjeel)**; For in that certainly are (Miraculous) Signs to those who examine carefully; And they (cities/towns) are in a remaining path*; For in that certainly is a Miraculous Sign for the believers.
Translation of: Ayat 61 - 77, Surat AlHijr.
** Allah's special stones for punishment: Stones made of baked clay (too much heat must have accompanied).
* The major cities of the people of Lut were 'Sodom' and 'Gomorrah'. Their tract (defined area of land) still exists between Arabia and Syria.
Words: Al = Family, Mursaloun = Those who were sent as messengers, Munkaroun = Unknown, Yamtaroun = Having doubt (plural), Qita' = Parts, Atbie' = Follow, Adbar = Last ones, Yaltafit = Looks back, Emdhou = Proceed, Tu'maroun = are Ordered, Qadhayna = Concluded, Da'bir = last one, Maqtou' = Will be finished, Musbiheen = In the morning, Yastabshir = Announcing the good news, Tafdhah = Dishonour - Make ashamed, Tukhzouni = Let me down - Disgrace me, Nanhek = We forbid you, LaAmruka = By your life, Sakrah = Intoxication, Ya'mahoun = Wandering about - Straying, Sayhah = Scream , Mushriqheen = At sunrise, Aliyaha Safilaha = Their upside down, Sijjeel = Stones made of baked clay, Mutawasimeen = Those who examine carefully (plural), Sabeel = Path - Track, Muqeem = Remaining, AlMu'mineen = The Believers - The Faithful.
Q: Why did Allah send his last Prophet 'Muhammad' to humanity?
A: It is We (Allah) who sent you (Prophet Muhammad) as a witness and as a bearer of good news (of Paradise) and as a warner (of Hell); So that you have Faith in Allah and you exalt Him (with faith) and praise Him and glorify Him morning and evening.
Translation of: Ayat 8 - 9, Surat AlFathh.
Words: Shahid = Witness, Mubashir = a bearer of good news - Announcer of good news, Natheer = Warner, Tu'min = Have Faith - Believe, Yuazzir = Exalts - Supports, Yuwaqqir = Praise, Yusabih = Glorify, Bukrah = Morning, Aseel = Evening.
Q: Could the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him bring about miracles on his own?
A: And they said we will not believe in you until you make for us from the earth a spring gush out; Or you have a garden from date palms and vines then you make the rivers gush forth through them in a proper outpouring. Or you make the sky as you claimed* fall on us as pieces of punishment or you bring Allah and the angels in front of us; Or you have a house of ornament (gold) or you ascend in the sky and we will not believe in your ascension until you send down upon us a book that we can read - say (command to Prophet Muhammad) glory to my God! am I not but a human messenger.
Translation of: Ayat 90 - 93, Surat AlIsra' (known also as Surat Beni Israel). (17:90-93)
* On the Day of Judgment the sky will split into fragments.
Words: Tafjur = Make gush out, Yanbou' = Spring, Nakheel = Date palms, Ineb = Vines - Grapes, Tafjeer (proper) Outpouring, Tusqit = Make fall down, Kisfan = Pieces of punishment, Za'ama = Claimed, Mala'ikah = Angels, Qabeelan = In front of us, Zukhruf = Ornament, Tarqa = Ascend, Kitab = Book, Bashar = Human, Rasool = Messenger.
Q: Can anyone harm the Prophet Mohammad peace be upon him under the pretext of any type of freedom when Allah is Muhammad's supporter?
A: O people who believed do not push yourselves forward in the presence of Allah and His Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) and protect yourselves by fearing Allah for Allah is All-Hearing All-Knowing;
O those who believed do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet (Prophet Muhammad) - and do not speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another so that your (righteous) deeds do not fail (= Tahbat) while you are (even) not aware; Indeed those who lower their voices in the presence of Allah's Messenger - those are whose hearts Allah had tested for piety - for them is Forgiveness and a great reward; Indeed those who shout* to you (Prophet Muhammad) from outside the private quarters most of them lack understanding; And if they had patience until you come out to them it would have been better for them and Allah is Most-Forgiving Most-Merciful.
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 5, Surat AlHujurat.
* Some Bedouins from 'Beni Tameem' reached the private quarters of the Prophet Muhammad. They called him loudly : "O Mohammad come out to meet us" three times. Source: Ex-Mufti of Egypt's "Safwat AlBayan liMa'ani AlQur'an", in Arabic, page 657.
Words: Aamanou = Believed, Tuqaddim = Push yourself forward, Itaqqou = Fear in yourselves - Be in awe, Tarfe' = Raise, Sawt = Voice, Tajhar = Speak aloud, Qawl = Talk, Tahbit = Fail - Be useless, Yaghudh = Lowers, Imtahana = Tested, Quloub = Hearts, Taqwa = Piety - Awe of Allah, Yunadi = Shouts - Asks loudly to come, La Yaqil = Lacks understanding, Sabarou = They had patience, Takhruj = Come out, Kana Khairan = Would have been better.
Q: Was the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him educated and to whom he was sent as a messenger of Allah?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) O people (= AlNas) indeed I am a messenger of Allah to you all* - To Whom (Allah) belongs the Absolute Authority (Kingdom) of the Heavens and the earth - there is no god but He (Allah) - He gives life and makes dead - so have Faith in Allah and His messenger - the illiterate (uneducated) prophet** who has Faith in Allah and His words and follow him so that you may be rightly guided.
Translation of: Ayah 158, Surat AlA'raf.
* all of humanity = Jamee'an.
** The Prophet Muhammad could not read or write as were the majority of the people in Mecca then.
Words: Inni = Indeed I am, Jameean = All, Mulk = Absolute Authority - Kingdom, Yuhye wa yumeet = Gives life and makes dead, Ummi = Illiterate - Uneducated, Kalimat = Words, Ittaba'ou = Follow (plural), Tahtadoun = Be rightly guided (plural).
Q: Why are Muslims commanded to repeat often (in any form) 'Allah's blessings and peace be upon Muhammad'?
A: Take (Command to Prophet Muhammad) from their wealth a charity (voluntary charity =Sadaqah) to cleanse* them with it and to recommend them with it and pray for them (= Salli)** for your (Prophet Muhammad's) prayers bring them Tranquility (= Sakan)*** and Allah is All-Listner, All- Knowing.
Translation of: Ayah 103, Surat AlTawbah.
* To purify them from misery and other self illnesses.
** An example of how the Prophet prayed for those at his time. The Prophet Muhammad missed a woman who used to sweep the mosque. He was told that she was dead. The prophet said that he should have been notified about her death. Then he and some Muslims went to her grave and the Prophet prayed for her. The prophet said: My prayer brings peace to her.
*** To gain Allah's rewards Muslims send 'Salat' upon the Prophet so they get in return the Prophet's 'Salat'.
In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: Whoever sends Allah's Blessings and Peace upon me one time Allah will give him 10 times of similar greetings. Source: Riyadh AlSaliheen Min Kalam Sayed AlMursaleen, in Arabic, page 383.
Note: In a summary of three sayings of the Prophet Muhammad:
1. Allah had forbidden on earth the corpses of the (all dead) prophets.
2. Any time any believer of you conveys Allah's blessings on me, Allah returns my (Prophet Muhammad) soul (why?) to be able (only) to return his greeting (waAlaykum alSalam...)
3. Do not make my grave "Eid" (= festival) and say 'Allah's Blessings and Peace be upon me' (Prophet Muhammad) because your greeting of blessings and peace reaches me wherever I am. Source: Riyadh AlSaliheen Min Kalam Sayed AlMursaleen, in Arabic, pages 383 - 384.
Note: 1 & 2 of the above mentioned sayings were mentioned in a speech by Sheikh Usthman, from Pickering Mosque, delivered in a conference entitled: Stairs 2 Bliss in Mississauga (Ontario) from 12-14 Feb. 2010. The Sheikh also said: There is an ongoing connection between the Prophet Muhammad and the Muslims allover the world. The Sheikh added the wireless connection between the Prophet Muhammad and Muslims is there but we Muslims have to remind ourselves of it and strengthen it by following the Prophet's Way (Sunnah).
Words: Khuth = Take, Sadaqah = Voluntary charity which is a voulntary amount. The compulsory charity (AlZakat) is a fixed amount, Tutahir = Cleanses, Tuzaki = Recommends, Salli = Pray, Sakan = Tranquility - Peace of mind.
Q: Why do Muslims become angry when anyone harms the reputation of the wives of the Prophet Muhammad?
A: The Prophet (Muhammad) has more right (to be obeyed) with the believers than their own selves and his wives* are their mothers and blood relatives among each other have more right (for inheritance) in the Book** (Scripture) of Allah than the believers** (old Madinah residents) and the emigrants** (new comers to AlMadinah) except you want to do a favour to your allies (not relatives) - that (mentioned) was in the (Initial) Book recorded (Mastoor)***.
Translation of: Ayah 6, Surat AlAhzab. (33:6)
* At the age of 25 the Prophet Muhammad married his wife 'Khadija' who was 40 years old. The Prophet was 50 when his wife 'Khadija' died. Only after her death the Prophet had other wives. He had nine wives (at a time when many Arab men had unlimited number of wives). According to the late top scholar 'Mohammad Mutawali AlShar'awi': "Allah made the Prophet marry his wives." Because of their close realtionship, the Prophet's wives are among the ones who passed on the authentic information about the actions and the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.
** Emigrants refers to the Prophet and the Muslims who migrated from Mecca to AlMadinah. And the believers refers to the Muslims living in AlMadinah. Members of both parties in the beginning were allowed to inherit one another without being relatives. Then Allah in (in the mentioned Ayah 6, Surat AlAhzab) dictated the inheritance law among the relatives.
*** Everyting is written in Allah's Initial Record.
Words: Awla = Has more right, Anfus = Selves, Azwaaj = Wives, Ba'dh Bib'adh = Among one other, Muhajir = Emigrant, AlKitab = The Book - Scripture, Mastoura = Recorded.
Q: The Prophet Muhammad was only a man. Did he have knowledge about the time of the Day of Judgment?
A: They ask you (Prophet Muhammad) about the Hour (Day of Judgment) when is the time of casting its anchor (coming) - say indeed its knowledge is with my God - He does not unveil it by its time except He (Allah) it is a burden (hard to bear) in the Heavens (for angels etc) and the earth (humans etc) - it does not come to you but suddenly t hey ask you (Prophet Muhammad) as if you are acquainted with it say for its knowledge is with Allah but most of people do not know.
Translation of: Ayah 187, Surat AlA'raf.
Q: When in doubt what should believers do?
Hint: Seek Allah's knowledge in the Qur'an.
A: And We (Allah) placed the People of Israel in a blessed dwelling place and We provided them sustenance of the delicacies (good food); And then they did not differ until knowledge (of the Book) reached them; Indeed Allah will judge among them on the Day of Judgement in what they were differing; So if you (Prophet Muhammad) were in doubt about what We (Allah) have sent down upon you then do ask those (Jews and Christians) who have been reading the Book before you - certainly the Truth (= AlHaqq) has reached you from your God so do not (all Muslims) indeed be (one) of the doubtful; And do not be (one) of those who rejected the Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic Lines) of Allah as lies then you will be from the losers; Indeed those against whom the Word of Allah had been uttered and fulfilled (who remain disbelievers) will not believe; Even if every Miraculous Sign (Miracle) reaches them until they see the painful punishment (in life or on Day of Judgment).
Words: Bawwa' = Placed, Sidq = Blessed - Truehearted, Razaqa = Provided sustenance, Tayyebat = Delicacies - Good food, Ekhtalafa = Differed, Shak = Doubt, Mumtar = Doubtful, Khasir = Loser, Haqqat = Uttered and fulfilled.
Q: Was Prophet Muhammad looking forward to being a prophet?
Note: It is reported that the Prophet Muhammad used to feel a lot of tension when the Angel Gabriel used to come down with lines from the Qur'an especially at the beginning of his prophethood.
A: And you (Prophet Muhammad) were not hoping (wishing) for the Book (Qur'an) to be delivered to you except it is a Mercy from you God so do not become a backer of the disbelievers; And let nothing prevent you from the Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic Lines) of Allah after they have been sent down to you and call towards (= ila) your God and do not become from the polytheists. And do not call with Allah another god - there is no god but He - everything is going to perish except His Face (Him) - to Him belongs the Rule and to Him you will be brought back.
Translation of: Ayat 86 - 88, Surat AlQasas.
Words: Tarjou = Hoping - Wishing for, Ma = Not, Yulqa = Be delivered, Dhaheer = Backer - Supporter, Yasudunnaka = let nothing prevent, Tadu = Call, Haalik = Going to perish - Going to end, Wajh = Face, Hukm = Rule, Turja'oun = Will be brought back.
Q: Who will be the witness over the people who were around the Prophet Muhammad?
Note: Each prophet will be a witness over the people around him in his time. For example: "(Jesus says) --- and I was a witness upon them while I was among them; So when You lifted me You were The Overseer upon them; And You are a Witness upon everything." Translation of line 117 in Chapter AlMa'idah in the Qur'an.
Note: In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Mohammad: A companion of the Prophet Abu Masoud may Allah be pleased with him said that the Prophet asked him to recite some verses of the Qur'an upon him. Abu Masoud said: I recite! When the Qur'an has been sent down upon you, Prophet of Allah?! The Prophet said: He likes to hear the Qur'an from another person. So Abu Masoud recited line 41 in Chapter "AlNisa" then the Prophet stopped him. When Abu Masoud looked at him he saw the prophet's eyes overflowing with tears.
A: How then when We (Allah) bring out from every people a witness and We bring you (Prophet Muhammad) out upon these (contemporary Muslims) a witness; That Day those who disbelieved and disobeyed the prophet will wish that the earth was flattened with them (dead) and they did not conceal any of Allah's words (they wish they did not lie upon Allah).
Translation of: Ayat 41 - 42, Surat AlNisa'.
Words: Ji'na = We bring you out, Shaheed = Witness, Yawmaithin = That Day, Asa = Disobeyed, Tusawwa = Flattened, Yaktum Hadees(th) = Conceals words or talk.
Q: The Prophet Muhammad had four daughters. Did he have a son?
Note The Prophet had three sons. All of them died young. The youngest 'Ibraheem' lived the longest "two years". It was a Faith test for the Prophet.
Note: Before becoming a Prophet, Muhammad had a beloved servant called "Zaid Bin Haristha" and people used to call him Zaid Bin Muhammad. After he was honoured with the prophethood, and the following lines of the Qur'an were revealed the Prophet Muhammad started calling Zaid with his original name 'Zaid Bin Haristha'.
A: --- And He (Allah) did not make your adopted sons your (biological) sons: That is what you say with your mouths and Allah says the Truth and He guides to the (Straight) Path. Call them according to their fathers (names); That is more fair according to Allah; And if you do not know their fathers so they are your (call them) 'brothers in faith' or your 'associates = mawali'; And there is no blame on you if you made a mistake but what your hearts have intended (is counted); And Allah is The Most-Forgiving, The Compassionate.
Translation of: Ayat 4 - 5, Surat AlAhzab. (33:4-5)
Words: Ja'ala = Made, Adeya' = Adopted sons, Abna' = Sons, Afwah = Mouths, Yahdi = Guides, Aqsat = More fair, Mawali = Associates - Friends, Ta'amada = Intended, Junah = Blame, Akhta'a = Made a mistake, Qalb = Heart.
Q: If the Prophet was to hide any lines of the Qur'an what lines he could have hidden?
Note: According to Hassanain Mohammad Makhlouf, scholar (ex Mufti) of Egypt, some Muslims condemned the Prophet Muhammad's marriage with Zainab Bint Jahsh who was the Prophet's cousin (daughter of the Prophet's aunt). The Prophet initially asked her to marry his beloved servant 'Zaid Bin Haristha' who was like the Prophet's adopted son. Their marriage lasted only a year because she used to feel superior to him. Before their divorce Allah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad that Zaid was going to divorce his wife and Allah will make the Prophet marry her. So the Prophet was feeling uneasy about such a revelation to be known to people.
A: And it was not for a believer man or woman when Allah and His prophet have ruled a matter to have the choice in their matter and who disobeys Allah and His prophet then he has strayed away (from Allah's Path) a clear straying. And when you (Prophet Muhammad) were saying to the one whom Allah had bestowed His favour upon (Zaid) and you (Prophet Muhammad) had favoured him: Hold (in wedlock) your wife and fear Allah and you conceal in yourself what Allah is going to reveal and you fear people and Allah has more Right to be feared; So when Zaid fulfilled his desire with her (divorced her) We (Allah) united you with her in matrimony (= zawwajnakaha) so that the believers have no restriction in (marrying) the wives of their adopted sons>* when they had fulfilled their desires with them and the Command of Allah has to be fulfilled. There was no embarrassment for the Prophet in what Allah had imposed upon him: The Way of Allah among those who passed before (prophets) and the Command of Allah is a decreed destiny (fate).
Translation of: Ayat 36 - 38, Surat AlAhzab.
* In Islam an adopted son keeps his father's name and does not change it to his foster father's name.
Words: Qadha = Ruled, Kheerah = Choice, Amr = Matter, Ya'sey = Disobeys, An'ama = Bestowed His favour, Tukhfi = Conceal, Mubdi = Is going to reveal, Amsik = Hold, Takhsha = You fear, Qadha = Fulfilled, Watr = Desire, Zawwajnakaha = We united you with her in matrimony - We made you marry her, Haraj = Restriction - Embarrassment, Azwaj = Wives, Adeya' = Adopted sons, Mafoul = Has to be fulfilled, Sunat = Way, Khalau = They Passed, Amr = Command, Qadar = Fate, Maqdoura = Decreed.
Q: Muhammad was a prophet. What type of men were the prophets?
A: Those who deliver the messages of Allah and fear Him and they do not fear any one except Allah and enough for Allah to call (people) to account.
Translation of: Ayah 39, Surat AlAhzab. (33:39)
Words: Yubalighoun = Deliver, La Yakhshoun = They do not fear, Kafa Billah = Enough for Allah, Haseeba = To call to account.
Q: Are the faithful allowed to condemn any behaviour of the Prophet?
Note: According to Hassanain Mohammad Makhlouf, scholar (ex Mufti) of Egypt, some Muslims condemned the Prophet Muhammad's marriage with Zainab.
Note: According to Abdulla Yusuf Ali, a prominent Qur'an translator, some Jews condemned the Prophet Moses' marriage to an Ethiopian woman who was not from their origin.
A: O people who have faith! Do not be like those who harmed Moses (Moosa) so Allah cleared him (from guilt and blame) and he was distinguished in Allah's View. O people who have faith! Fear Allah and utter a right speech; He will accept your deeds and forgive you your sins and who obeys Allah and His prophet (Muhammad) then he has achieved a great triumph.
Translation of: Ayat 69 - 71. Surat AlAhzab.
Words: Atha = Harmed, Bar'ra' = Cleared, Wajeeh = Distinguished - Honourable, Qul = Utter, Qawal = Speech, Sadeed = Right - To the point, Yuslih = Accepts - Amends, Thanb = Sin, Yute' = Obeys, Faza = Achieved, Fawz = Triumph - Winning.
Q: What does Allah command the Prophet Muhammad to do about the disbelievers who do not harm the Muslims?
A: And they say: When is this Decision (Judgment) if you were telling the truth?! Say (order to Muhammad) on the Day of the Decision their (disbelievers') faith will be of no use to those who disbelieved and they will not be granted a respite; So turn away from them and wait for they (too) are waiting.
Translation of: Ayat 28 - 30, Surat AlSajdah.
Words: Fat'h = Decision, Sadiq = Telling the truth, Yundhar = Is given a respite - Is given a period of temporary delay, Muntadhir = Waiting.
Q: Despite being a prophet, did the Prophet Muhammad know what Allah is going to do to him?
A: Or do they say that he (Prophet Muhammad) made it up?! Say (command to Prophet Muhammad): If I made it up so you have nothing to save me from Allah; He knows best what you are discussing; It is enough for Him as a witness between me and you (all) and He is The Most-Forgiving, The Most-Merciful. Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) I was not a novelty (unusual) among the prophets (of before) and I do not know what is going to be done to me neither to you - for I follow only what is being revealed to me and I am not except a clear warner.
Translation of: Ayat 8 - 9, Surat AlAhqaf.
Words: Iftara = Made up - Fabricated, Tamlik = Have, Tafeedh = Discussing, Kafa = Enough, Bida' = Novelty, Adri = I know, Yufal = Is done, Natheer = Warner.
Q: "A Chapter in the Qur'an today has been sent down upon me that is more loveable to me than the World and what it contains" -
the Prophet Muhammad commented. What are those lines of the Qur'an and why are they so special to the Prophet?
A: For We (Allah) have made victory* for you (Prophet Muhammad)- an explicit victory; So that Allah forgives for you (Prophet Muhammad) what preceded from your faults (minor sins) and what is to succeed and to complete His favour upon you and guides you (completely) to a Straight Path (of Allah); And Allah is going to support you with a powerful support.
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 3, Surat AlFathh. (49:1-3)
* The Prophet and his companions went for AlHajj to Mecca for the first time but instead a treaty called (AlHudaibiyah Treaty) was signed between the Prophet and the polytheists in Mecca. It was victory for Muslims because it was an open endorsement of Islam and Muslims. One of its major conditions was that the Prophet had to go back to AlMadina and come back for AlHajj the next year.
Words: Fatahna = We have made victory, Yaghfir = Forgives, Taqadamma = What preceded, Thanbika = Your faults - Your minor sins, Takhkhara = Succeeds - To come in future, Yutim = Completes, Ni'mah = Favour, Yansur = Supports, Azeez = Powerful.
Q: What did the disbelievers call the Prophet Muhammad who had no doubt in Allah and who used to trust the faithful
A: And from them (hypocrite Muslims) who harm the Prophet (Muhammad) and they say he is a listener to anything (gullible), say (command to Prophet Muhammad) a listener to anything is a good thing for you - he believes in Allah and trusts the ones who have Faith and Mercy to those who have faith among you and those who harm* the messenger (Muhammad) of Allah for them is a severe punishment.
Translation of: Ayah 61, Surat AlTawbah. (9:61)
* Qu'ran is for all humanity for all times. Nowadays the way to harm the Prophet Muhammad is through blasphemy.
Words: Yu'thi = Harms, Uthun = Listener to anything - Gullible - Easily cheated, Khair = Good thing, Yu'min = Believes, Rahmah = Mercy, Athab = Punishment, Aleem = Severe.
Q: Why did the Prophet Muhammad worship Allah alone?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad): For certainly I am commanded to worship Allah devoting the Religion to Him; And I am commanded to be the first of Muslims*.
Translation of: Ayat 11 - 12, Surat AlZumar.
* Each prophet was the first to submit to Allah (Muslim) among whom he was sent to.
Words: Umirtu = I am commanded, A'bud = Worship, Mukhlisan = Devoting, AlDeen = The Religion, Awal = The first, Muslimeen = Those who submit to Allah alone.
Q: Just like the other prophets will the Prophet Muhammad be responsible for the disbelievers?
A: For We (Allah) sent you (Prophet Muhammad) with the Truth as a bearer of good news (of Paradise) and as a warner (of Hell) and you will not be questioned about the disbelievers.
Translation of: Ayah 119, Surat AlBaqarah.
Words: Arsala = Sent, Basheeran = As a bearer of good news, Natheeran = As a warner, La Not, Tusal = Will be questioned, Ashab = Companions, Jaheem = Hell.
Q: Did Allah rebuke the Prophet Muhammad and why?
Note 1: The Prophets were continuously under the care of Allah. Any violation against Allah's Rules was addressed.
Hint: Once the Prophet Muhammad was busy trying to convince some important men from his tribe 'Quraish' about Islam, when a blind person who became Muslim interrupted him. He wanted the Prophet to teach him more about Islam. The Prophet was annoyed and turned away from him.
Note 2: According to Hassanain Mohammad Makhlouf, the scholar of Islam and ex-Mufti of Egypt: It is reported that after this incident, the Prophet Muhammad never frowned in any poor person's face neither did he ever seize an opportunity to be with a rich person. Also he welcomed Ibn Ummi Maktoum by saying: Welcome about who my God rebuked me! And the Prophet used to spread his own cloak for him to sit on.
A: He (Prophet Muhammad) frowned and turned away; For the blind man* came to him; And what do you (Muhammad) know that he might be purified; Or he might remember so the reminder will be of use to him; But who showed no need (for Islam); Then for him you are waiting; And it is not your responsibility that he (disbeliever) does not become purified; However the one who came to you walking quickly; And while fearing (Allah); So from him you got busy; By no means - this is a reminder (to you Prophet Muhammad); So whoever wants will remember it; (Reminder is written) In honoured scrolls (= suhuf)**; Elevated, pure, In the hands of messengers (angels); Honourable, virtuous.
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 16, Surat Abasa.
* Amr Bin Qays known as son of Ummi Maktoum was a blind man in Mecca who became Muslim.
** According to Hassanain Mohammad Makhlouf, ex-Mufti of Egypt: The angels make copies (in scrolls = suhuf) from the 'Well-guarded Tablet' (= AlLowh AlMahfoudh) that contains the origin of Allah's Holy Books (= Um Alkitab). The angels are Allah's messengers and are called here 'safarah' = ambassadors (messengers).
Words: Abasa = Frowned, Tawwala = Turned away, Ja'a = Came, A'ma = Blind, Yudri = Knows, Yazzaka = Becomes purified, Yaththakkar = Remembers, Estaghna = Showed no need, Tasadda = Waiting for, Yasa = Walking quickly, Yakhsha = Fearing, Talahha = Turning away, Suhuf = Notebooks - Leaflets, Mukarramah = Honoured, Marfouah = Elevated, Mutahharah = Purified, Aydi = Hands, Safarah = Messengers - Ambassadors, Kiram = Honourable, Bararah = Virtuous - Righteous.
Q: Why is the Prophet Muhammad a gift from Allah to all people without exception? And what is the Word that summarizes Allah's Message sent down through His Prophet Muhammad?
A: And We (Allah) did not send you (Prophet Muhammad) except as a Mercy to all people (= AlAlameen).
Translation of: Ayah 107, Surat AlAnbiya'.
Note: In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad narrated by Abi Hurairah: It was said to the Prophet: O Prophet of Allah, pray to Allah against the disbelievers. The Prophet said: Indeed I am not sent as a curser but I am sent as a Mercy. Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 3, page 295.
Also in a summary of an explanation of the "Ayah" by the Islamic expert Ibn Abbas (a paternal cousin of the Prophet Muhammad): Whoever follows the Prophet (does like him) that will be a Mercy for him in this life and the Other Life and who does not follow him he will be inflicted with (harm) like what was inflicted on the other nations. Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 3, page 296.
Words: Ma Arsalnaka = We did not send you, Rahmah = Mercy, Alameen = All people - Humanity - Inhabitants of all worlds.
Q: What was the main duty of the Prophet Muhammad?
A: And Whether We (Allah) show you some of what (punishment in life) We (Allah) promise them or We make you dead (before that) so upon you is nothing but to deliver the Message and upon Us (Allah) is to settle (their) accounts.
Translation of: Ayah 40, Surat AlRa'd.
Words: In = Whether, Nuri = We show, Ba'dh = Some, Nu'id = We promise, Natawaffi = Make dead, Alayka = Upon you, Balagh = To deliver the Message, Alayna AlHisab = Upon us is to settle accounts.
Q: Where can the Muslims find the Prophet Muhammad on the Day of Judgment?
Note: The Prophet had three sons who died at a very young age. When a son of the Prophet Muhammad died an enemy of the Prophet insulted him with being "cut off" without posterity.
A: For We (Allah) have given you (Prophet Muhammad) (the River of) AlKawsthar; So do pray to your God and slaughter* (cattle for food in His Name); For the one who disgraces you is the one to be cut off.
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 3, Surat AlKawsthar.
* Halal way as Muslim ritual.
Note: A summary of several sayings of The Prophet Muhammad: The Prophet Muhammad saw the River of AlKawsthar in Paradise during the Prophet's journey with Angel Gabriel across the Heavens (Chapter AlIsra' (Beni Israel) in the Qur'an. The Prophet described it: It is a river (flowing) in Paradise that Allah granted it to me (Prophet Muhammad). Extended to it by two canals of Gold and Silver is a pool (of AlKawsthar) that my nation (of Islam) will come to drink from on the Day of Judgment. The River's sand is musk (with aroma). It is more white than milk and sweeter than honey. It is frequented by birds with necks like long carrots. Its pebbles are of pearls and ruby. Its two sides are of gold and made of hollowed out pearls and the cups are like the number of stars. Anyone who drinks from it never feels thirsty again. Source: Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Kastheer volume 3, pages 682 - 683. (in Arabic).
Note: The Prophet Muhammad will be seen near his "Stream of AlKawsthar" sometimes blocking the people with a stick in his hand to make way for the people of AlYemen to come and drink the water. It shows the Prophet's love for the people of AlYemen. Source: Anwar AlAwalki "The Hereafter" cassette.
Words: A'ta = Has given, AlKawsthar = Name of a river in Paradise - Abdundance, Salli = Pray, Enhar = Slaughter, Shaniaka = One who disgraces you, AlAbtar = The one to be cut off.
Q: Why was the Prophet Muhammad sent as any ordinary man eating food and walking in the markets?
A: And they (polytheists of Mecca) said what is wrong with this Prophet (Muhammad) eating food and walking through the markets - Only if an angel was sent down with him so that he bcomes with him a warner; Or a treasure is thrown onto him (Prophet) or he has a Garden (of Paradise) so he eats from it and the transgressors (against Allah) said you are following only a bewitched man; See how they set examples for you so they became deluded (from Allah's Straight Path) and they cannot take The (Straight) Path. Exalted is He (Allah) Who if He wills can assign to you better than that - Gardens underneath which the rivers flow and He assigns to you Palaces;
But they denied the Hour (Day of Judgement) as lies and We (Allah) had prepared for whoever denies the Hour a Blazing Fire.
Translation of: Ayat 7 - 11, Surat AlFurqan.
Words: Mali = What is wrong, Rasool = Prophet, Ya'kul = Eats, Ta'am = Food, Yamshi = Walks, Aswaq = Markets, Unzila = Was sent down, Malak = Angel, Natheer = Warner, Yulqa = Is thrown, Kanz = Treasue, Jannah = Garden, Mas-hoor = Bewitched - Possessed by the Devil, Unthur = See - Think about it, Dharabou AlAmsthal = They set examples, Dhallou = They were deluded, La = Not, Yastatee' Sabeelan = Can take a Way, Tabaraka = Exalted is, Qusoor = Palaces.
A: And We (Allah) did not send before you (Prophet Muhammad) from the messengers except for they certainly eat food and walk through the markets and We (Allah) made you (prophets) among one another an ordeal trial (severe) - (to document) do you show patience and your God is Watchful.
Translation of: Ayah 20, Surat AlFurqan.
Words: Arsala = Sent, Mursaleen = Messengers, Aswaq = Markets, Fitnah = Ordeal trial - A severe test, ATasbir = Do you have patience, Baseer = Watchful.
Note: Remember Jesus peace be upon him eating food.
Q: The Arabs of Arabia should have remembered that many prophets preceded the last prophet "Muhammad".
Yet why did they reject the Prophet?
A: Was it so surprising for people (to believe) that We (Allah) revealed to a man (Prophet Muhammad) from them (Arabs of Arabia) to warn people and to give the good news to those who believed that for them is a reliable status* with their God - the disbelievers said this (Prophet Muhammad) is certainly an explicit magician**.
Translation of: Ayah 2, Surat Yunus.
* Because of the good deeds that they forwarded for their Other Life.
** Allah supported some of His messengers with miracles of specific nature that matches what the communities were powerful in. For example the people of the Prophet Muhammad were known to be eloquent in language but they were baffled in front of the Qur'an, the miracle of the Prophet Muhammad. Also at the time of the Prophet Moses magicians had a special status with Pharaoh. At the time of Jesus the Christ medical practitioners were of power. Source: Stories of the Prophets by Tareq Suwaidan.
Words: Ajaban = So surprising, Anthir = Warn, Qadam Sidq = Reliable status - Truthful footing (established position), Sahir = Magician.
Q: Why do Muslims defend with their lives the Prophet Muhammad but they do not worship him or pray to him besides Allah?
A: Say: (command to Prophet Muhammad): I only pray to my God and I do not join any partner with Him; Say: For I do not have the power for your harm or guidance. Say: For no one will protect me from Allah and I will not find other than Him any refuge; Except by delivering (what I receive) from Allah and His Messages; And who disobeys Allah and His prophet then for him is HellFire: Permanent in it forever. Until when they see what they were being promised (in Life) then they will come to know who is the weaker supporter (Allah's soldiers or the partners') and the smaller in number.
Translation of: Ayat 20 - 24, Surat AlJinn.
Words: Tadou = Pray - Call upon, Qama = Stood up, Libada = Heap up - Stack up - Weigh each other down, Dhar = Harm, Rashad = Guidance, Yujeer = Protects, Multahad = Refuge, Balagh = Delivering, Ya'se = Disobeys, Adhaf = Weaker, Nasir = Supporter, Aqal = Smaller, Adada = In number.
Q: Why is the character and the life of the Prophet Muhammad a model to follow by Muslims?
A: For certainly you have in the Prophet (Muhammad) of Allah an excellent model to follow for whoever looks forward to (meeting) Allah and the Day of Judgment and remembers Allah a lot.
Translation of: Ayat 21, Surat AlAhzab. (33:21)
Note: Many Muslims follow the Prophet Muhammad in believing (= AlAqeedah), in rules (= AlFiqh) but not in behaving (= AlSolouk); In behaving they follow their own desires or their cultures. Source: Sheikh Waleed Basyouni in "Obligation of following Sahabah's Methodology".
Words: Oswah = Model to follow, Hasanah = Excellent, Yarjou = Looks forward, Thakara = Remembers.
Q: The truth of the Qur'an put the Prophet Muhammad in a struggle with his own people. How did Allah ease it for
the Prophet Muhammad?
A: TaHa*; We (Allah) did not send down to you the Qur'an to make it hard for you; But as a Reminder for those who fear (Allah).
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 3, Surat Taha.
Note: Especially at the beginning the Prophet Muhammad was much troubled when receiving the Qur'an from the Angel Gabriel.
* Two letters that do not make a word in the Arabic language. From Allah's World of the Unseen.
Also people called Prophet Muhammad with the two letters TaHa. And based on the translation Abdullah Yusuf Ali, page 877, Taha stands for O man.
Words: Anzalna = Sent down, LiTashqa = To make it hard for you - To cause you to worry - Be troubled.
Q: What is the difference between Allah's Guidance and the Prophet Muhammad's guidance to Allah's
Straight Path that leads to Paradise?
A: For you (Prophet Muhammad) do not guide* (to Allah's Path) whomever you love but Allah guides whomever He wills and He knows Best who can be guided.
Translation of: Ayah 56, Surat AlQasas. (28:56)
* Allah guides towards Himself whoever is READY to be guided.
The Prophet's guidance is merely directing, showing and explaining the way to Allah's Path. But Allah's Guidance is Superior for it includes helping to be on Allah's Path. Source: Khawatir (thoughts of) AlSheikh AlSha'rawi on the 30th section of the Qur'an (Juzu' Amma). In Arabic.
Note: Allah's Straight Path (= AlSirat AlMustaqeem) leads to Paradise. It is the Truth from Allah and it is what pleases Allah.
Words: La Tahdi = Do not guide, Men = Whoever, Ahbabt = You love, Yasha' = He wills, A'lam = Knows Best, Muhtadeen = Who can be guided.
Q: What description does Allah give the Prophet Muhammad?
A: A messenger (Prophet Muhammad) had already reached you from among yourselves (human) - hard on him what makes you suffer - concerned for you - towards the faithful (he is) kind, merciful.
Translation of: Ayah 128, Surat AlTawbah.
Note: In a summary of a Holy Saying (= "Hadeesth Qudsi" directly from Allah through the Angel Gabriel but not part of the Qur'an), the Prophet Muhammad recited from the Qur'an what Abraham peace be upon him said: "My God they (idols) had misguided a lot of people; so who follows me he is from me ---" (translation of Line 36 in Chapter Ibraheem in the Qur'an) and what Jesus peace be upon him said: "If you punish them so because they are your servants and if You forgive them so because You are the AlMighty, the All-Wise." (translation of Line 118 in Chapter AlMa'idah in the Qur'an)
then the prophet Muhammad lifted his hands towards the Heaven and said: My God my nation (= ummati), my nation and he cried. So Allah said to Angel Gabriel go and ask Muhammad what makes him cry (and Allah knows it) so Gabriel went to the Prophet, heard from him, went back to Allah and told him. Allah said: O Gabriel go to Muhammad and say: We will please you regarding your nation (= nurdheeka Fi Ummatik) and We will not let you down (La Nasou'ak). Source: AlAhadeesth AlQudsiyyah, (in Arabic) page 185.
Words: Lqad Ja'akum = Had already reached you, Azeez = Hard, Ma Anitum = What makes you suffer, Hareesun Alikum = Concerned for you - Worried about you - Eager for you, Ra'ouf = Kind, Raheem = Merciful.
Q: Were the disbelievers waiting for the coming of the Prophet Muhammad?
Hint: The original version of the Bible foretold about the coming of the Prophet Muhammad who was also famous among his people as Ahmad.
A: Those who disbelieved among the people of the Book (Jews and Christians) and the polytheists were not going to be free (from disbelieving in Allah) until the Evidence (= AlBayyenah) reaches them; (The evidence is) A messenger (Prophet Muhammad) from Allah reciting Pages (Qur'an) kept purged*; In them True Faith (= Qayyemah)** Messages.
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 3, Surat AlBayyenah.
* "It is indeed a Holy Qur'an; In a cherished (safely guarded) Book (in Heaven); Touched only by the purged (clean after ablution)." Translation of Lines 77 - 79 in Chapter AlWa'qiah in the Qur'an.
** Messages guiding to be straight (righteous) on Allah's Straight Path.
Words: Munfakkeena = Were not going to be free, Bayyenah = Evidence - Explaining Sign, Yatlou = Suhuf = Scriptures, Mutaharrah = Purified, Kutub = Messages - Books, Qayyemah = True Faith - Straight - Righteous - Priceless.
Q: What is the role of the Prophet Muhammad in case people do not listen to the Message of Islam?
A: But if they turned away (from Islam) so say (command to Prophet Muhammad) I notified you* equally (without distinction) and I do not know whether it is near or far away what you are being promised (by Allah).
Translation of: Ayah 109, Surat AlAnbiya'.
* I warned you of Allah's Punishment.
Words: Tawallow = Turned away, Aathantukum = I notified you, Ala Sawa' = Equally - Without distinction, AQareeb = Whether it is near, Am Ba'eed = Or far away, Ma = What, Tu'adoun = Being promised.
Q: Especially for what title should all Muslims compete to please Allah?
A: And the Day (of Judgment) when We (Allah)* will call forth in every community (ummah)** a witness upon them from themselves and We (Allah) will bring you (Prophet Muhammad) as a witness upon these (contemporary people) and We sent down to you the Scripture (Qur'an) as an explanation to everything and as a Right Guidance a Mercy and Good News (of Paradise) to Muslims.
Translation of: Ayah 89, Surat AlNahl.
* On the Day of Judgment Allah will select the witnesses.
** Ummah in Arabic means 1. a community (a group of people) 2. a nation.
Note: Remember that the Prophet Muhammad was a human being and he died. The Prophet Muhammad was sent as a bearer of good news (of Paradise), a warner against bad news (of Hell) and as a witness upon a community just as the sending of other messengers of Allah.
Jesus peace be upon him will mention being a witness upon the community he was among them.
Jesus peace be upon him still has to witness another community when he will be sent down to earth towards the ending of the world.
Note: Muslims should compete to be witnesses upon mankind.
Note: Allah's witnesses will have a special place with Allah.
Note: Also there will be witnesses (leaders) from among the communities of disbelievers. They will not be called forth; They will be pulled out.
Note: Remember that one of Allah's Attributes is the Witness (over everything seen or hidden).
Words: Yawma = Day, Nab'asth = Call forth, Shaheedan = A witness, Ala Ha'oula' = Upon these - Upon those, Nazzalna = We sent down, Tibyanan = As an explanation - Illustration, Likuli Shay' = For everything, Hudan = Right Guidance, Rahmatan = Mercy, Bushra = Good news.
Q: What is the job description of the Prophet Muhammad?
A: O Prophet (Muhammad) for We (Allah) sent you as a witness, a bearer of good news (of Paradise) and a warner (of Hell); And calling to Allah with His (Allah's) permission and (as) an illuminating lamp (a lantern = a guide = Sirajan Muneera); And do give the good news to the believers that for them from Allah is a great bounty; And do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites and ignore their harm and put your trust in Allah and enough is Allah as the Dependable.
Translation of: Ayah 45 - 48, Surat AlAhzab. (33:45-48)
Words: Arsalnaka = We sent you, Shahidan = A witness, Da'iyan = Calling (people) to Allah, Sirajan Muneera = An illumniating lamp An illuminating lantern, Da' = Ignore - Leave, Athahum = Their harm, Wakeela = Dependable - You can depend on Him - Disposer of affairs.
Q: Why was the Prophet Muhammad or any of the previous prophets not given the power of bringing destruction on their
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) if I had (the punishment) what you are seeking to hasten* then the matter would have been settled between me and you and Allah knows best the ones who are unjust (to Allah).
Translation of: Ayah 58, Surat AlAn'am. (6:58)
* The disbelievers asked for the punishment to come as a way of defying the Prophet.
Words: Indi = I had, Tasta'jilouna = What you seek to hasten, LaQudhiya = Then it would have settled, AlAmr = The matter, A'lam = Knows best, AlThalimeen = The ones who are unjust (unfair) to Allah.
Q: Why is Allah Alone Capable of bringing punishment on whoever He wills?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) for I am fully informed (being a prophet) by my God and you rejected it (Islam) as lies - I do not have (the power for) what you are seeking to hasten (punishment) for the Ruling (in this matter) is only Allah's - He declares the Truth and He is the Best of judges.
Translation of: Ayah 57, Surat AlAn'am. (6:57)
Note: Example of Allah's punishment in this Life.
Words: Bayyenah = Evidence - Explaining sign, Kathabtum = You rejected as lies, Ma Indi = I do not have, AlHukm = The Judgment, Yaqus = Declares, Khair = Best, AlFasileen = The judges.
Q: If obeying the Prophet Muhammad = obeying Allah and his Word (the Qur'an) then does the
Qur'an mention to leave the Way (of worship for example) of the Prophet Muhammad and follow the way of the
respected leaders of the Prophet Muhammad's family as some groups of Muslims nowadays do?
Note: Line 80 in Chapter AlNisa' in the Qur'an is translated: "Who obeys the Prophet he has obeyed Allah and who turns away then We (Allah) have not sent you (Prophet Muhammad) over them a guardian." The Prophet Muhammad's whole life was based on the Qur'an. A'ishah the Prophet's beloved wife said "His (the Prophet's) character was the Qur'an "= Kana Khuluquhu AlQur'an".
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) obey Allah and obey the Prophet (Muhammad) but if they turn away (obeying others) so rather he (the Prophet) has to do what he is made responsible for (guidance, warning, witnessing) and you have to do what you are made responsible for (obeying Allah and the Prophet) and if you obey him you will find Guidance (to Allah's Path) and the messengers's duty is only the clear delivery of the Message (of Allah).
Translation of: Ayah 54, Surat AlNoor.
Words: Ateeou = Obey, Tawallaw = They turn away, Ma Hummila = What he is made responsible for, Tahtadou = You will find Guidance, Illa = Only, AlBalagh = Delivery of the Message.
Q: When in doubt what should we embrace and refer to?
A: (Command to Prophet Muhammad) And follow what (Qur'an) is being revealed* to you for Allah is with what you are doing All-Expert.
Translation of: Ayah 2, Surat AlAhzab. (33:20
Note: The Qur'an is Allah's Word not the Prophet Muhammad's. And the Prophet's sayings were to explain and support what is in the Qur'an.
Words: Etabbe' = Follow - Do as it (Qur'an) says, Yuwha = Is being revealed, Khabeera = All-Expert, Well-Acquainted.
Q: By the way of giving a deep rooted explanation of particular lines in the Qur'an are some Muslims permitted to label the Prophet
Muhammad with any religious sect name such as "sufi"?
Note: No Muslim wants to harm the Prophet Muhammad knowingly or unknowingly. May Allah give us all Guidance (= Hidayah). Also may Allah give especially the new converts to Islam the ability to recognize what the Prophet Muhammad's way of Islam is.
Hint: Reference is to Shaykh Hamza Yusuf's lecture in which he mentioned that the Prophet Muhammad used to wake up at night for prayer and he was a "sufi" (in his love to Allah). His lecture was entitled "All You Need is Love: The Greatest Commandment". He gave the lecture after the Prayer of AlAsr on Sunday Dec. 26, 2010 in the Conference conducted by RIS (Reviving the Islamic Spirit). The Theme of the Conference was: Reviving the 10 Commandments in the Modern World. The Conference took place between 24 Dec. to 26 Dec. 2010 in the South Building of the Convention Centre in Toronto. Thousands especially youth attended the Conference.
A: And whoever puts himself in a division against (the way of) the Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) (= yushaqiq) after Guidance (of the Qur'an) has become clear to him and he follows other than the way (singular) of the believers (= AlMou'mineen) We (Allah) (in Life) make him in power of what he took over and We will burn him in Hell and what a miserable ending it is; For Allah does not forgive to have a partner* with Him and He forgives other than that to whoever He wills and whoever joins a partner with Allah then he has strayed away - a far straying away.
Translation of: Ayah 115 - 116, Surat AlNisa'.
* In the Qur'an the words calling (in awe and supreme love) upon and worshipping are interrelated. Calling upon Allah and worshipping Allah is the same.
Words: Yushaqiq AlRasool = Puts himself in a division against the Messenger, Splits off from - Breaks up from - - Shows enmity and objection to the Messenger (or his way in Islam) - Opposes, Tabayyana = Became clear, Yatabbe' = He follows, Ghayr Sabeel AlMo'mineen = other than the way of the believers, Nuwallihi = We make him in power, Ma Tawalla = What he took over, Nuslihi = We will burn him.
Q: Whose love should be first in the heart of Muslims?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) if your fathers, sons, brothers, wives, relatives or wealth that you acquired, trade you fear its loss or houses that please you are dearer to you than (the love of) Allah and His Prophet and fighting in His (Allah's) Way (= Jihad) then wait until Allah brings about His command (punishment) and Allah does not guide those people who sinfully stray away (from Allah's Path).
Translation of: Ayah 24, Surat AlTawbah.
Note: If you love Allah you will love His Prophet and all the prophets of Allah. In a summary of a commonly known saying of the Prophet Muhammad: The eye that swells off when God is remembered will not be touched by Fire. Nowadays some Muslims' eyes swell off when they hear a tribute to the Prophet Muhammad but not when they hear the word of Allah (Qur'an) or its translation.
Allah should be remembered in two states of mind.
How do you show your love for the Prophet Muhammad?
Also beware that not everyone who calls himself a follower of the way of the Prophet "AlSunnah" is necessarily following it. Some of them for example consider "awliya' Allah" as a means to Allah.
Please remember that the Prophet Muhammad was not a poet. He had three job titles from Allah.
Words: Aba'ukum = Your fathers, Abna'ukum = Your sons, Ikhwanukum = Yours sons, Azwajukum = Your wives, Asheeratukum = Your relatives - Your Tribes, Eqtaraftumouha = That you acquired, Ahab = Dearer - More beloved, Tijarah = Trade, Kasadaha = Its loss, Fatarabasou = Then wait, Ya'ti Allah BiAmrihi = Allah brings about His Command.
Q: What do some people love similar to their love of Allah?
A: And from mankind (= AlNas) who take other than Allah equals - they love them similar to the love of Allah and those who believe* have greater love for Allah - and only if those who transgressed (against Allah) could consider when they see the punishment (of Allah) that all power belongs to Allah and that Allah is Severe in the Punishment.
Translation of: Ayah 165, Surat AlBaqarah.
Note: Partners can be anything or anybody including prophets, angels...etc.
Note: The two words used here are from "alNas" = from mankind (believers (who change into disbelievers when they partner with Allah) and disbelievers).
There are two types of disbelievers in the Qur'an: 1. Those who join partner(s) with Allah (to call upon devoutly is to worship) are called in the Qur'an mushrikeen. 2. The ungrateful to Allah and they are called in the Qur'an "kafireen".
* The word used in this line is who (believed = amanou) and not who (became Muslims = aslamou). Iman is a stage higher than Islam.
Words: Min AlNas = From mankind - From humans, Min Doon = Other than - Leaving, Andad = Equals, KaHubi Allah = Similar to the love of Allah, Yara = Consider, Yarawna = See, AlQuwwah = Power, Jameean = All, Shadeed = Severe.
Q: Is there anyone divine other than Allah?
Note: If the answer is yes so why they cannot forgive sins! A verse in the Qur'an is translated: --- and who forgives sins except Allah.
A: And We (Allah) did not send a messenger except to be obeyed with Allah's permission and if they (hypocrite Muslims) when they wronged themselves (committed sins) came to you (Prophet Muhammad) and they asked Allah for forgiveness and the Messenger* asked Allah for forgiveness for them they would have certainly found Allah Most-Pardoning Most-Merciful.
Translation of: Ayah 64, Surat AlNisa'.
* Neither the Prophet Muhammad nor any of the Prophets (so forget about other humans) had the ability to forgive sinners. Only Allah forgives sins.
Words: Ma Arsalna = We did not send, LiYuta' = To be obeyed, BiIthn Allah = With Allah's permission, Dhalamou = Wronged - Transgressed against, Ja'ouk = Came to you, LawaJadou = They would have certainly found, Tawaban = Most-Pardoning.
Q: Why is the Prophet Muhammad, just like any other prophet of Allah, not considered divine?
Hint: The Prophet Muhammad just like any other prophet could not himself forgive sins. He had to ask Allah for forgivess for people.
Note: The line 79 in Surat AlTawbah that precedes the posting here.
A: (Allah commands Prophet Muhammad) Ask (Allah) for forgiveness for them (hypocrites mentioned in Line 79) or do not ask for forgiveness for them - (even) if you ask for forgiveness for them seventy* times Allah will certainly not forgive them - that is because they disbelieved in Allah and his Prophet and Allah does not guide the people who sinfully stray away (from Allah's Path).
Translation of: Ayah 80, Surat AlTawbah.
* Seventy as a number in Arabic expression can sometimes have no specific numeral meaning; It means a lot.
Note: For example Prophet Jacob (= Yaqoub), no. 10 on Prophets Map, did not (and could not) forgive the sins of his sons. Prophet Jacob prayed to Allah to forgive the sins of his sons.
Words: Estaghfir = Ask for forgiveness, Sabe'een = Seventy, Marrah = times, La Yahdi = Does not guide, AlFasiqeen = Who sinfully stray away (from Allah's Path).
Q: Other than Muslims who is a witness that the Prophet Muhammad is a messenger of Allah?
Note: Remember that the Prophet Muhammad is the last messenger of Allah.
A: And those who disbelieved say that you (Prophet Muhammad) are not sent (by Allah) say enough is Allah as a Witness between me and you and (is a witness) whoever has the knowledge of the Scripture (among Jews and Christians).
Translation of: Ayah 43, Surat AlRa'd.
Words: Last Mursala = Not sent, Kafa = Enough, Indahu = Has, Ilm = Knowledge, AlKitab = The Scripture - The Holy Book.
Q: What is the mission of the Prophet Muhammad?
A: A L R* - a (Holy) Book We (Allah) sent it down to you (Prophet Muhammad) so as to bring people (= AlNas) out of the depths of darkness (disbelieving) to the light (believing) - with the permission of their God to the Path** of The AlMighty The Worthy of all praise.
Translation of: Ayah 1, Surat AlMutaffifeen.
* The letters do not make any known word in the Arabic language. From Allah's World of the Unseen.
** The Straight Path of Allah.
Words: Anzalnahu = We sent down, LiTukhrija = So as to bring, Aldhulumat = The depths of darkness, AlNoor = The light, BiIthni = With the permission, Sirat = Path.
Q: What was said by the disbelievers about the Prophet Muhammad when he recited the
A: N o o n* - and by the pen** and what they (angels) record (= yastoroun)***; You (Prophet Muhammad) by your God's Favour (Mercy) are certainly not a possessed man****.
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 2, Surat AlQalam.
* (Pronunciation of letter N). The meaning is not clear in any language. From Allah's World of the Unseen.
** In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: The first thing Allah created was the pen. And the pen was commanded by Allah to write down everything. So it wrote down everything that will happen until the Day of Judgement (in Allah's Initial Record called "AlLawh AlMahfoudh = The Well Preserved Tablet). Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 4, page 603 (Allah knows what happened, is happening and will happen).
*** Everything is written down by angels.
**** The Prophet Muhamamd was accused by the disbelievers of being bewitched especially because the Miraculous Lines of the Qur'an used to come out of the mouth of Prophet Muhammad easily - lines following lines.
Words: AlQalam = The pen, Yastoroun = Record - Write down, BiNi'mati = By he favour, Majnoon = A possessed man - An insane.
Q: Who is really infatuated by Satan and therefore is liable for Allah's punishment in life?
A: So (command to Prophet Muhammad) (soon) you will see and they will come to see; For which one of you (Prophet Muhammad or the disbelievers) is the obsessed one (by Satan = AlMaftoun*); For your God is the One Who knows best who strayed away from His Path and He is the One Who knows best who are the guided ones (on Allah's Path).
Translation of: Ayat 5 - 7, Surat AlQalam.
* Those who are obsessed by Satan and follow him are liable for Allah's punishment in life and/or the Other Life.
Words: FaSaTubsir = So you will see, BiAyyikum = For which one of you, AlMaftoun = The obsessed one - The infatuated one, A'lam = Knows best, Dhalla = Strayed away, BilMuhtadeen = The guided ones.
Q: Throughout time what do the disbelievers who listen carefully to the Qur'an think about it?
A: And those who disbelieved are about to trip you with their eyes (out of jealousy) when they heard the Reminder (of Allah 'Qur'an') and they say he (Prophet Muhammad) is certainly an obsessed one; And it (Qur'an) is not but a Reminder (Message of Allah) to all people (= lilAlameen).
Translation of: Ayat 51 - 52, Surat AlQalam.
Note: These two lines end Chapter (Surat) AlQalam. The two above postings are towards the beginning of the Chapter.
Words: Yakad = Are about, LaYazloqounaka = To trip you, BiAbsarihim = With their eyes, Sami'ou = They heard, AlThikr = The Reminder - The Message - The Qur'an, LaMajnoun = Is certainly an obsessed one - Is certainly an insane, LilAlameen = To all people.
Q: Is it enough to believe in Allah without believing in the Prophet Muhammad as
the last prophet of Allah?
Note: The testimony of Islam that makes a person a Muslim is: There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is a messenger of Allah.
A: And whoever does not believe in Allah and His messenger (Muhammad) then We Had prepared for the disbelievers a Blazing Fire.
Translation of: Ayah 13, Surat AlFathh.
Words: Lem Yu'min = Does not believe, Rasoulihi = His messenger, FaA'tadna = Then We had prepared, Sa'eera = A Blazing Fire.
Q: What two types of punishment did the Prophet Muhammad warn the sinners against?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) O my people* continue doing for your status (of disbelieving) for soon you will come to know; Who receives a punishment which humiliates him (in life) and a lasting (= muqeem) punishment (the Other World) which overwhelms him.
Translation of: Ayat 39 - 40, Surat AlZumar.
* Polytheists of Arabia before Islam.
Words: E'malou = Continue doing, Makanatikum = Your status - Your position, Aamil = I am doing, FaSawfa = Soon you will, Men Ya'teehi = Who receives, Yukhzeehi = Humiliates him, Muqeem = Lasting - Remaining - Permanent.
Q: When Muslims have religious gatherings what should they concentrate on?
A: And We (Allah) did not send before you (Prophet Muhammad) except men* - We (Allah) were revealing to them so (you all) do ask the religious scholars (of Christians and Jews) if you do not know; (Allah sent messengers) With the evident signs (= miracles) and (Holy) Books and We sent down to you (Prophet Muhammad) the Message (= The Qur'an) so that you make clear for people whatever is sent to them and so that they may contemplate.
Translation of: Ayat 43 - 44, Surat AlNahl.
* All of Allah's messengers including Prophet Muhammad were only men chosen by Allah.
Words: Arsalna = We sent, Min Qablika = Before you, RiJalan = Men, Nohi = We reveal, Fasalou = So do ask, Ahel AlThikr = Religious scholars - People who know Allah's Message, BilBayyenat = With evident signs - With explaining signs, AlZubur = Holy Books, AlThikr = The Message - The Reminder of Allah - The Qur'an, LiTubayyena = So that you make clear - So that you explain, Tatafakkaroun = They contemplate.
Q: Is the warning against Allah's Wrath issued (not announced) by the Prophet Muhammad?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) for indeed I warn you by means of the Revelation* and the deaf** can not hear the call when they are warned.
Translation of: Ayah 45, Surat AlAnbiya'.
* Revelation is the communication way that the Qur'an (Allah's Word) was brought down by the Angel Gabriel to Prophet Muhammad.
** Those who make themselves deaf do not heed the warning.
Words: Innama = Indeed, Unthirukum = I warn you, BilWahye = By means of the Revelation, La Yasme' = Does not listen, AlSumm = The deaf, Yuntharoun = Are warned.
Q: As a messenger of Allah what was was the Prophet Muhammad following?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) I do not tell you that I have Allah's Treasures and I do not know the unseen - and I do not tell you that I am an angel - for I only follow what is being revealed (= uwhiya) to me (from Allah)* - say is the blind** and the one who can see equal so will you not consider (it).
Translation of: Ayah 50, Surat AlAn'am. (6:50)
* The Qur'an and the teachings brought down from Allah to the Prophet Muhammad by Angel Gabriel.
** The heart is blind.
Note: "Wahi" in Arabic = Revealing, Inspiring, Guiding. Allah reveals to whomever He chooses as His prophets. But Allah also reveals (guides) to some creatures or persons but this does not make them Allah's chosen messengers. Yet some persons insist on following human-made messengers which is other than Allah's Religion. (Remember the Prophet Muhammad (570 - 632 CE) is the end of Allah's messengers as Allah says. So any religion or sect after the Prophet Muhammad claiming to have a messenger from Allah should be questioned. (Note: Research the religions and sects that have extracted much from Islam and flourished in non-Arabic environments where misunderstanding of the Arabic language (the language of the Qur'an) can occur).
Note: Another example of the Disciples.
Words: La Aqoul = I do not tell, Khazaain = Treasures, AlGhayb = Unseen, Attabe'u = Follow, Malak = Agnel, Yastawi = Is equal, AlA'ma = The blind, AlBaseer = The one who can see, Tatafakkaroun = Consider - Contemplate.
Q: Why should each of us take the time to judge his own self before being judged by Allah on the
Day of Judgement (= Hasibou Qabla an Tuhasabou)?
A: And (command to Prophet Muhammad) do not drive* away those who call upon their God morning and evening seeking His Face (His Sake) - you (Prophet Muhammad) are in no way accountable for them and they are in no way accountable for you - so if you drive them away then you will be from the transgressors**.
Translation of: Ayah 52, Surat AlAn'am. (6:52)
Note: Remember that Prophet Muhammad was given the Religion of Islam under Allah's Care. The Prophet received a pre-warning not to listen to the influential rich persons who wanted the meek poor companions like 'Bilal' to leave the gathering then only they would listen to what the Prophet wanted to tell them about Allah's Message. Source: AlSheikh Hassanain Muhammad Makhlouf, the ex-Mufti of Egypt, in Safwat AlBayan liMa'ani AlQur'an, page 176.
Note: Also "Hirqil = Heraclius" the Byzantine Emperor of Rome asked "Abu Sofyan": Who followed Prophet Muhammad : The meek helpless among people (= Dhua'afa' AlNas) or their high society persons? He said: Rather their meek helpless ones. He said: Those are followers of the messengers. Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 2, page 199.
** Some Muslims become very emotional and say that the Prophet is infallible (= ma'soum mina AlKhata) so he could not have sinned. Remember first that the Prophet is a man. Secondly the Prophet is infallible in the sense that Allah has forgiven him all his sins. The Ayah was revealed before Mecca was peacefully conquered.
Note: It is reported that Umar Bin AlKhattab was known for bringing himself to account. Once the Prince of AlSham sent him oil in waterskins (like bottles) to sell it and put the money in Muslims' Financing House. So he emptied the waterskins in people's utencils and placed the few empty ones beside him. His child lifted the waterskins and made the last drops fall on his head. When Umar saw him he was horrified and asked him: You oiled yourself? From where? When he knew what his son did Umar said: No by God I will not let Allah bring me to account for this. He took his son to the barber and got his head shaved. Source: Thikriyat Taaib. By: AlSheikh Dr.(Physician) Muhammad Bin AbdulRahman AlAreefi. Cassette in Arabic.
Words: Tatrud = Drive away - Send away, Yad'oun = Call upon, BilGhadati welAshiy = Morning and evening, Wajhahu = His Face - His Sake, Ma Alayka Min Hisabihim = You are not accountable, Min Shaye' = In no way, AlDhalimeen = The transgressors - The unjust - The wrongdoers.
Q: Why did Prophet Muhammad begin preaching first to the people of Mecca then around it and later
messages were sent to the Persian King and the Roman Emperor (World leaders then)?
A: And in this way We (Allah) revealed to you (Prophet Muhammad) an Arabic Qur'an* so that you warn** the Mother of towns (Mecca) and what surrounds her and that you warn about the Gathering Day (Day of Judgement) - there is no suspicion (uncertainty) in or about it*** - (then) a group in Paradise and a group in the Blazing Fire (of Hell).
Translation of: Ayah 7, Surat AlShoura.
* The Qur'an is only in the Arabic language. The English version for example is either a translation or an interpretation of the Qur'an. (somehow similar (original language) should be said too about Allah's other Holy Books).
** To warn against disbelieving (= Kufr) in Allah or joing partner(s) (= Shirk) with Allah.
*** La rayba feehi: The word 'feehi' here means both in or about it
Words: Awhayna = We revealed, Arabiyyan = Arabic, LiTunthira = So that you warn, AlJam'e = Gathering, La Rayba Feehi = There is no suspicion - no uncertainty - no doubt in or about it, Fareeq = A group, AlSa'eer = Blazing Fire.
Q: What was the Prophet Muhammad's request from the disbelievers in his community?
Note: The Preceding Line 22 in Surat AlShoura (at the end of the website's page "Day of Judgment).
A: That is (Paradise) of what Allah gives good news to his servants who believed and did the righteous deeds - say (command to Prophet Muhammad) I do not ask you for it (guiding people) a reward but (the prophet expects) friendship among kinship (relatives)* - and whoever earns a good deed We (Allah) increase for him in it of the best (reward) for Allah is Most-Forgiving Most-Thankful.
Translation of: Ayah 23, Surat AlShoura.
* An example of the hardship that faced the Prophet Muhammad among his tribe 'Quraish'.
Words: Yubashshir = Gives good news, La As'alukum = I do not ask you, Ajra = Reward, Almawaddah = Friendship, Fi AlQurba = In kinship - Among relatives, Yaqtarif = Earns, Does, Nazid = We increase, AlHusna = The best.
Q: Whom was the Prophet Muhammad commanded to particularly call to Allah?
A: And warn your nearest kinsmen.
Translation of: Ayah 214, Surat AlShuara'.
Words: Anthir = Warn, Asheerataka = Your kinsmen - Your blood relatives, AlAqrabeen = Nearest.
Q: Why was the Prophet Muhammad especially kind towards the believers?
A: (Allah's command) And unbend (relax stiffness)* to the believers who followed you.
Translation of: Ayah 215, Surat AlShuara'.
Note: Remember the description of the Prophet Muhammad in the Qur'an.
* Relax one's stiffness, severity or austerity. Source: Merriam Webster's Deluxe Dictionary. The words used in the Qur'an are literally translated: And lower your wing (like a bird).
Words: Ekhfedh janahaka = Unbend (relax stiffness), Ettaba'aka = Followed you, AlMo'mineen = The believers.
Q: Will the Prophet Muhammad be responsible for the sins of people?
A: But if they disobey you (Prophet Muhammad) then say for I (Prophet Muhammad) am free of responsibility from what you do.
Translation of: Ayah 216, Surat AlShua'ra.
Note: Just like the Prophet Muhammad, Allah's other prophets will not be responsible for the sins of their people. An example.
Words: Assawka = They disobey you, Bari' = Free of responsibility - Clear of responsibility, Ta'maloun = You do.
Q: Among which people on the Day of Judgement will these two groups be found: Those who proved to be true and those who bore witness to
A: And those who believed in Allah and His messengers - those are the strictly veracious (truthful)* - and (also) those who bear witness** (upon others) from their God for them is their reward and their light
and those who disbelieved and rejected our Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic verses) as lies those are the companions of Hell.
Translation of: Ayah 19, Surat AlHadeed.
* What are the religious characteristics of the truthful?
** There will be witnesses (= Shuhada') among every people.
Note: Who will be in the company of prophets.
Note: Who will be called to do a job like the Prophets on the Day of Judgement?
Note: "Shuhada'" in Arabic means 1. Those who bear witness). 2. Martyrs. Martyrs in the Cause of Allah receive a special treatment from Allah. (Remember they enter Paradise without taking their account except for their loans (delay them).
Words: Rusulihi = His messengers, Ulaika = Those, AlSiddiqoun = Strictly veracious - Marked by truth - The truthful, Shuhada' = Those who bear witness - Witnesses, Inda Rubbihim &361; From their God, Ashab = Companions.
Q: After preaching Islam what do Muslims hope from the listeners?
A: And We (Allah) did not send you (Prophet Muhammad) except as a bearer of good news (of Paradise) and as a warner (of Hell); Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) I do not ask you for it (preaching) any reward except (I hope) whoever wills* let him take to his God a (Straight) Path (that leads to Paradise).
Translation of: Ayat 56 - 57, Surat AlFurqan.
* No compulsion in Islam.
Words: Ma Arsalnaka = We did not send you, Illa = Except, Mubashshira = Bearer of good news - Announcer of good news, Natheer = Warner, Men Sha'a = Whoever wills - Whoever pleases, An Yatakhitha = Let him take, Sabeela = Path.
Q: Why every town in the world did not have its own messenger of Allah?
A: And if We (Allah) willed* We would have certainly sent in every town (community) a warner.
Translation of: Ayah 51, Surat AlFurqan.
* Allah's Will.
Words: Law Shi'na = If We willed - If We wanted, Qaryah = Town - Village - Community, Natheera = A warner.
Q: What was the reaction of the disbelievers in pre-Islamic Mecca when they saw the Prophet Muhammad?
A: And when they see you certainly they will take you merely as an object of ridicule - is this the one whom Allah sent a messenger*.
Translation of: Ayah 41, Surat AlFurqan.
* People of Pre-Islamic Mecca worshipped Allah but they joined gods (idols) with Him. (They were descendants of Prophet Ish'mael - Prophet Abraham's elder son) (Prophet no. 8 on the Prophets Map in this site).
Words: Ra'auka = They see you, Yathakhithounaka = They will take you, Illa = Merely, Huzowa = As an object of ridicule, Bastha = Sent.
Q: Why did not the Prophet Muhammad give up preaching the Qur'an when his tribe's own people poked fun at him?
A: So do not give in to the disbelievers and strive* against them by it** (Qur'an) to a great striving length.
Translation of: Ayah 52, Surat AlFurqan.
* "Jahidhum" = Make Jihad - Go to great lengths = Note that fighting to please Allah is not only in wars. An example.
** By means of the Instructions in the Qur'an.
Words: Tute' = Give in - Obey, Jahidhum = Strive against them - Fight them, Jihadan Kabeera = To a great striving length.
Q: Why do disbelievers across humanity defend their worship of idols (human made gods)?
Hint: They assume that they are on the right (true) path of worship.
Note: The translation of the preceding Line 41 in Surat AlFurqan is above the last addition.
A: (Disbelievers say) Indeed he (Prophet Muhammad) was for sure about to mislead us away from our gods had we not persevered for them and (Allah says) they will come to know when they see the punishment* who is further astray from the path.
Translation of: Ayah 42, Surat AlFurqan.
* Maybe in this life and in the Other World.
Note: The translation of the succeeding Line 43 in Surat AlFurqan.
Words: Kaada LaYudhilluna = He was for sure about to mislead us, Sabarna = We persevered, Sawfa Ya'lamoun = They will come to know, Yarauna = They see, Adhallu Sabeela = Further astray from the path.
Q: Why did the Prophet Muhammad mention in a saying that not our (righteous) deeds that will admit us to
Paradise but Allah's Mercy?*
Note: An authenticated saying of the Prophet.
This is also a hint to ask only Allah for help.
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) see (you all) if Allah destroys me (Prophet Muhammad) and whoever is with me (Muslim companions) or He bestows His Mercy on us then* who is going to come to the aid of the disbelievers against a severe punishment (in the Other World).
Translation of: Ayah 28, Surat AlMulk.
* If this is the case with the Prophet Muhammad and Muslims with him so what do you expect to be the case with the disbelievers who defy Allah?!
Note: The translation of the preceding verses (lines) 25 - 27 in Surat AlMulk (note: The translation which was done before had by mistake (as noted by an alert Muslim) the lines as 15-17 when they should have been 25-27. Please re-read them.
Words: ARa'aytum = See (plural) - Consider, In = If, Ahlakani = Destroys me, Men Yujeer = Who is going to come to the aid, AlKafireen = The disbelievers, Athab = Punishment.
Q: Is it enough to have Faith in Allah and worship Him yet to ask someone else for help instead of asking
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) He (Allah) is the Lord of Mercy - We believe in Him and upon Him we depend (in life affairs) so you (who anger Allah) will come to know who is in manifest error.
Translation of: Ayah 29, Surat AlMulk.
Note: The translation of Line 30 in Surat AlMulk which explains that Allah Alone is worthy of worshipping and calling upon.
Words: Amanna = We believe - We have Faith, Alayhi = Upon Him, Tawakkalna = We depend - We put our trust, Dhallal = Error - Straying away, Mubeen = Manifest - Clear.
Q: When disbelievers do not want to follow Allah's Message what should the Muslim preacher do?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) O my people (ya Qami)* continue doing for (keeping) your status (of disbelieving) for I am doing (as a prophet) for soon you will come to know who will receive the world's (= AlDar)** (good) outcome for the transgressors (against Allah) do not become prosperous (in the end).
Translation of: Ayah 135, Surat AlAn'am. (6:135)
* Polytheists of Arabia before Islam.
** In this world and the Other World.
Words: YaQawmi = O my people, E'malou = Continue doing, Makanatikum = Your status - Your position, Aaqibat = Outcome - Ending, AlDar = This world, Yufleh = Become prosperous - Become suscessful.
Q: Why a Muslim should not utter an oath of allegiance (= bay'eh) to any religious group founder other than Allah's Messenger
A: For those who make a pledge* of allegiance with you (Prophet Muhammad) rather they are making a pledge* of allegiance with Allah - The Hand of Allah is over their hands so whoever violates then he violates his own soul and whoever fulfills what pledge* (= Aahada) he made with Allah then He (Allah) will grant him a great reward.
Translation of: Ayah 10, Surat AlFathh. (48:10)
* Not to run away from war. Source: Safwat AlBayan liMa'ani AlQuran by AlSheikh Hassanain Muhammad Makhlouf, ex Mufti of Egypt, page 651.
Remember the Top Pledge with Allah.
A Side Note: To follow Islam practised by the Prophet Muhammad follow the life of the Prophet Muhammad until the Prophet's death without anything invented (= bid'ah). The religion of Islam (manifest in the Qur'an) was completed during the life of the Prophet Muhammad. If Allah willed Allah would have added to the Qur'an what groups who call themselves "Muslims" nowadays follow.
Words: Yubay'oun = They make a pledge of allegiance - They make an oath of allegiance, Innama = Rather, Aydeehim = Their hands, Nakastha = Violates - Fails to keep, Awfa =Fulfills, Aahada = what pledge he made.
Q: What is an example of having a secret conversation to ridicule the Prophet Muhammad?
A: (Allah says) We (Allah) know Best with what (intention)* they (disbelievers) are secretly listening to it (Qur'an) when they are secretly listening to you (Prophet Muhammad) - and when they are in a secret conversation suddenly the transgressors (against Allah) say you are following no more than a bewitched man; See how they set the parables (moral examples) for you (Prophet Muhammad) so they strayed away so they cannot find the Path (Allah's).
Translation of: Ayat 47 - 48, Surat AlIsra' (known also as Surat Beni Israel). (17:47-48)
* To ridicule the Qur'an and the Prophet.
Words: A'lam = Know Best, BiMa = With what, Yastam'ouna = Secretly listening - Evesdropping, Ith = When - Suddenly, Najwa = Secret conversation, Tatabe'ouna = You follow, Mashoura = Bewitched, Parables = Moral examples, Yastateeouna Sabeela = Find the Path.
Q: Why should the intention of any secret conversation not include any disobedience to Allah or His Prophet
Note: The Prophet Muhammad sometimes used to be annoyed when some rich Muslims made lengthy secret conversations with the Prophet depriving the poor of the opportunity. Source: Safwat AlBayan liMa'ani AlQur'an. by ex-Mufti of Egypt, page 709.
A: O people who have Faith (= iman) when you make a secret (private) conversation with the Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) then pay before your secret conversation a voluntary charity (= Sadaqah) that is better* for you and of more purity** but if you cannot find (any spare money) then Allah is Most-Forgiving Most-Merciful.
Translation of: Ayah 12, Surat AlMujadilah. (58: 12)
* Will be increased with Allah.
** Your Voluntary charity is an indication of your good intention.
Note: The translation of the preceding Line 11 in Surat AlMujadilah.
Note: The Prophet Muhammad and his family were not allowed to take any voluntary charity (= sadaqah). It is reported that the Prophet Muhammad's grandson put a date in his mouth so the Prophet Muhammad told him to spit it out because it is from the dates for 'Sadaqah'. Source Ibn Kastheer (info will be added insha Allah later)
A Side Note: Nowadays many Muslim persons who allow people to call them righteous men as called "peers " in the South Asian countries give religious advice and accept money gifts for it.
Words: Allatheena Aamanou = People who have Faith, Najaytum = Make a secret conversation - Make a private conversation, FaQaddimou = Then pay, Bayna Yaday = Before, Najwakum = Your secret convesation - Your private conversation, Sadaqah = Voluntary charity, Khair = Better, Atthar = Of more purity, Tajidou = You find.
Q: When Muslims cannot afford or do not want to give a voluntary charity (= sadaqah) as dictated by Allah
what should they do instead?
Note: Remember that 'Sadaqah' is a voluntary charity while 'Zakat' is a mandatory charity dictated upon the capable.
Note: Please read the translation above of Ayah 12 in Surat AlMujadilah.
A: Were you worried about paying before your secret (private) conversation (with Prophet Muhammad) voluntary charities so if you did not do (give) and Allah forgave you so perform the prayer and give prescribed charity (= Zakat) and obey Allah and His Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) and Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.
Translation of: Ayah 13, Surat AlMujadilah. (58:13)
Words: AAshfaqtum = Were you worried - Concerned = On your guard, Aqeemou AlSalat = Perform the prayer, Sadaqat = Voluntary charities, Lem Taf'alou = You did not do, Taaba = Forgave, Aatou = Give, Atee'ou = Obey.
Q: How did the Prophet Muhammad who faced a lot of resistance from the disbelievers prosper in
A: (Allah says) We will teach you (Prophet Muhammad) the recitation (of Qur'an) so you will not forget; Except what Allah wills for He knows what is public and what is hidden; And We (Allah) will make possible for you to be on the successful course.
Translation of: Ayah 6 - 8, Surat AlA'la. (87:6-8)
Words: SaNuqriuka = We will teach you the recitation, Tansa = Forget, Nuysseruka = We will make possible for you, LilYusra = To be on the successful course.
Q: What is the pattern of Allah in physical miracles and people's disbelieving in them?
Note: When disbelievers trangress beyond limits against Allah Allah's utter destruction befalls them (otherwise the punishment in life is not utter annihilation but a reminder).
A: (The tribe of) Sthamud rejected (the warnings) as lies with all of its tyranny; When suddenly the worst* of it (tribe) sprung up (to disobey); So Allah's Messenger (Prophet Saleh) told them (beware) Allah's she-camel (miracle of Allah) and its drinking turn**; So they rejected him as a liar then they slaughtered it so their God rumbled (sound of thunder) upon them because of their sin so He leveled it (utter destruction); and no fearing (for the believers) of its aftermath***
Translation of: Ayat 11 - 15, Surat AlShams. (91:11-15)
* "Qudar bin Salif" among the people of Sthamud. He slaughtered the she-camel
** The camel was a miracle that the people of Sthamud saw it with their eyes coming out from inside a mountain.
*** They are completely destroyed.
Note: Remember that Angel Gabriel advised the Prophet Muhammad that if his people do not believe after the physical miracle happens they will be punished by Allah so the Prophet stopped praying for the Mount of Safa (in Saudi Arabia) to turn into gold.
Words: BiTaghwaaha = With all of its tyranny, Enbastha = Sprung up, Suqyaha = Drinking turn, FaAqarouha = So they slaughtered it, Damdama = Rumbled (sound of thunder), Sawwaha = Levelled it, Yakhfu = No fearing, Uqbaha = Its aftermath,
Q: Meccan disbelievers in the Prophet Muhammad's time tried hard to get rid of him forever so what would have
happened to them if they succeeded?
Note; Refer to the third section (in red) entitled "MUHAMMAD (PBUH) HAD IT TOO" to get an idea about the suffering that the Prophet Muhammad endured in Mecca.
A: And they (disbelievers) were about to scare you off the land in order to expel you and consequently they would have not stayed after you except for a little while; The Way (Pattern) of Allah (= Sunnat Allah) with whom We (Allah) sent before you (Prophet Muhammad) from our messengers and you will not find for Our Way any change:.
Translation of: Ayat 76 - 77, Surat AlIsra'. (also known as Surat Beni Israel) (17:76-77)
Words: LaYastafizzounaka = Were about to scare you off, LiYukhrijouka = In order to expel you, Yalbisthouna = Stay, Khalafaka = After you, Qaleela = A little while, Sunnata = Way - Pattern, Tahweela = Change.
Q: How does man have no chance of salvation at all after joining any partner with Allah?
Note: Remember that anyone who says he believes in no God actually he believes in his own self as a god.
A: That* (all) is from what your (Prophet Muhammad's) God has revealed to you from wisdom and (command to Prophet Muhammad)** do not take with Allah another god so consequently you will be thrown in Hell blameworthy expelled (from Allah's Mercy).
Translation of: Ayah 39 , Surat AlAIsra' (also known as Surat Beni Israel). (17:39)
* All Ayat from Ayah no 22 in this Surah. For example And another example.
** Please note if Allah's prophets are not going to be spared if God forbid they made the sin of joining a partner with Allah what is the chance of other men in this case for attaining Allah's Mercy and salvation?
Note: 'Muhammad Bin AbdulWahhab' started a motion to purify Islam from the practices that entered many Muslims' worship (that he considered 'shirk' = joining a partner with Allah) - generations after the Prophet Muhammad. He is still being attacked by many groups of Muslims especially among non-Arab Muslims. Here is an explanation.
Words: Thalika = That is, Awha = Revealed, AlHikmah = Wisdom, La Taj'al = Do not take, FaTulqa = So you will be thrown, Malooman = Blameworthy, Madhoora = Expelled.
Q: How is the statement "the Prophet Muhammad is a man chosen by
Allah" a big honour for the Prophet peace be upon him?
A: And certainly if We (Allah) willed We would have certainly taken away whatever (Qur'an) We revealed to you (Prophet Muhammad)* then you would not have found for you with it against Us anyone to entrust; Except** as a Mercy from your God - indeed His Favour upon you (Prophet Muhammad) had been great.
Translation of: Ayat 86 - 87, Surat AlIsra' (also known as Surat Beni Israel).(17:86-87)
* The Prophet Muhammad was only a man.
** The Qur'an remained in the heart of the Prophet peace be upon him.
Note: Just like the Prophet Muhammad Jesus peace be upon him was a ----- to Allah?
Note: Also the Prophet Muhammad warned us not to do to him (the Prophet's status) after him as Christians did to Jesus (made him more than a man chosen by Allah) after him. (Reference will be added insha Allah later).
Words: Shi'na = We willed, LaNathhabbanna = We would have certainly taken away, Awhayna = Revealed, Wakeela = Anyone to entrust.
Q: Why did the Prophet Muhammad and his people not need a physical miracle like the miracles that supported many of Allah's
messengers before him?
A: And those who disbelieved said only if a Miraculous Sign (physical miracle) was sent down with him from his God - (Allah says) rather you (Prophet Muhammad) are a warner and to every people there had been a guide*.
Translation of: Ayah 7, Surat AlRa'd. (13:7)
* A guide from Allah. Remember the history of humanity from the first man created.
Note: Many messengers of Allah before the Prophet Muhammad, the last messenger of Allah, were supported by physical miracles yet still many of their communities remained disbelievers. Allah's Word is interactive with humanity so if new generations do not believe then they have a disbelievers' history behind their backs and no need for new miracles.
Words: Law La = Only if, Unzila = Sent down, Innama = Rather, Haad = Guide - A guiding person.
Q: Why was the Prophet Muhammad sent among the people of Arabia where Allah's messenger Ishmael (Prophet
Abraham's eldest son) lived many gernerations before?
A: In this way We (Allah) sent you (Prophet Muhammad) into a community before whom (other) communities* had passed away to recite** to them what We revealed to you and (yet) they disbelieve in the Most-Merciful say He is my God - there is no god but He - In Him I put my trust and to Him is my return.
Translation of: Ayah 30, Surat AlRa'd. (13:30)
* Remember Allah's Way of sending messengers. With time when more people started to follow Satan and diverted from the Message brought by Allah's messenger in their area Allah sent another messenger to guide people. Now see the time lapse between the Prophet Muhammad (no 25 on the Map of Allah's messengers) and Allah's messenger "Ishmael" )no. 8 on the map).
** Who prayed before for a prophet to come among the people of Arabia to recite the Qur'an to them?
Note: Remember why the Arabs of Arabia cannot claim that the Prophet Muhammad is only theirs?
Words: Arsalnaka = We sent you, Ummah = Community - People,
Q: What job description of the Prophet Muhammad you should help spread to show your love for the
beloved Prophet of Islam?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) O people (= alNas)* indeed I am to you a clear warner**.
Translation of: Ayah 49, Surat AlHajj. (22:49)
* The Prophet Muhammad was sent to all humanity.
** warning to protect yoursleves by fearing Allah.
Words: AlNas = people - Humanity, Innama = Indeed, Natheer = Warner, Mubeen = Clear.
Q: What does comfort the believers when disbelievers do not listen to the Message of Allah?
A: And if they (disbelievers) treated you (Prophet Muhammad) as a liar then say for me is my work* and for you (plural) is your work - you are innocent of what I do and I am innocent of what you (plural) do.
Translation of: Ayah 41, Surat Yunus. (10:41)
* I am responsible for it.
Words: Kaththabouk = Treated you as a liar, FaQul = Then say, Li Amali = For me is my work, Baree'oun = Innocent - Clear of (responsibility).
Q: Why it does not matter to believers to see those against Allah punished or not punished in life?
Note: Please read first the translation of the preceding Line 45 in Surat Yunus.
A: And if We (Allah) either let you (Prophet Muhammad) see some of what We are promising* them (= Na'iduhum - punishment in life) or We take your soul away (make you dead) so to Us (Allah) is their return then Allah is Witness upon what they are doing (in life).
Translation of: Ayah 46, Surat Yunus. (10:46)
* An example of punishment which people are promised in life.
Words: Nuriyyannaka = Let you see, Natawaffayanak = We take your soul away - We make you dead, Ilayna = To Us, Marji'uhum = Their return, Shaheed = Witness, Ma Yafaloun = They are doing.
Q: To whom will every organized community look forward to see in order its judgement with Allah starts?
Note: A true scene from the coming Day of Judgement.
A: And to every organized community is a messenger (of Allah) so when their messenger comes (to the front) it will be judged among them (each community) with justice (of the scales = BilQist) and no injustice will be made upon them.
Translation of: Ayah 47, Surat Yunus. (10:47)
Note: Remember Allah's prophets and Allah's messengers.
Note: Remember that Prophet Muhammad was sent to all humanity.
Note: Remember who will come to the front when Allah's Judgement starts.
Words: Ummah = Organized community - Nation, Rasool = Messenger, Qudhiya = It will be judged, La Yudhlamoun = No injustice will be made upon them - They will not be wronged.
Side Notes to yesterday's translation above:
Muslims should not emphasize or indulge in the difference between Allah's two terms: Allah's Prophets (= nabiyeen) and Allah's Messengers (= rusul). All of them peace be upon them were sent by Allah.
1. In the Qur'an Allah made the Covenant with Allah's Prophets (AlNabiyeen).
2. Allah's Prophets (= AlNabiyoun or AlNabiyeen) were specially supported by Allah.
3. Allah favoured some prophets over the others. Also Allah favoured some messengers over the others.
4. Muslims should not differentiate among whom Allah calls His prophets (= AlNabiyeen) and whom Allah calls His messengers (= AlRusul).
Why we should not differentiate between the terms: Prophets and Messengers?(Some humans can play on the terms to claim prophethood or being a messenger of Allah.)
Q: What answer should be given to those who ridicule Allah's punishment in life?
Note: Please read first the translation of Line 46 in Surat Yunus.
A: And they (disbelievers) say (mocking the believers) when is this promise ( = alWa'd - punishment in life) if you are being truthful (honest); Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) I have no power to do any harm or benefit to myself* except what Allah wills - (also to remind the ridiculers) and for every organized community (a people or a nation) (in life) a fixed time so when their death time** (= ajaluhum) comes they will not be delayed an hour neither will they be moved forward***.
Translation of: Ayat 48 - 49, Surat Yunus. (10:48-49) .
* Allah Alone knows the Unseen.
** Their annihilation time.
*** Ayah 34 in Surat AlA'raf gives the ridiculers the same warning. Here they are reminded of the punishment of annihilation.
Words: AlWa'd = The promise, Dharran Wela Naf'an = Any harm or benefit.
Q: What do disbelievers tend to think of a person who warns them against Allah's punishment?
A: Or have they not (yet) thought that their companion (Prophet Muhammad) has no insanity - he is only an unmistakable (evident) warner (from Allah).
Translation of: Ayah 184, Surat AlA'raf. (7:184)
Words: Awa Lem = Have they not, Yatafakarou = Thought, Jinnah = Insanity - Madness, Natheer = Warner, Mubeen = Unmistakable - Evident - Clear.
Q: How is the path of Prophet Muhammad similar to the path of Allah's messengers before him?
A: YaSeen*; (Allah takes an oath) And by the Wise Qur'an; You (Prophet Muhammad) are certainly from those who were sent as messengers; On a Straight Path**; (Qur'an is) A sending down from the AlMighty the Most-Merciful.
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 5, Surat YaSeen. (36:1-5)
* Two Arabic letters that do not make a word known in the Arabic language - the language of the Qur'an. From Allah's World of the Unseen. Nobody knows their true meaning. (Possibly they refer to a part in 'the Origin of the Book = Um AlKitab' from which specific Qur'anic lines (verses) are brought down to Prophet Muhammad by the Angel Gabriel. And Allah knows best.)
And according to AlSheikh Hassanain Muhammad Makhlouf, ex-mufti of Egypt in 'Safwat AlBayan liMa'ani AlQur'an', in his explanation of Surat 'Ya Seen', page 556: The letters are said to may be a name either for the Surah, the Qur'an or the Prophet Muhammad.
** Who was already guided to Allah's Straight Path that leads straight to Paradise.
Words: AlHakeem = The Wise, Mursaloun = Those who were sent as messengers, Tanzeel = Sending down.
Q: For what Guidance must Muslims pray to Allah in every prayer?
Note:: Surat AlFatiha has seven dual verses (= masthani): In rhyming: Verses 1, 3, 6 end with the letters Ya Meem (AlRaheem, AlRaheem, AlMustaqeem). Verses 2, 4, 5, 7 end with the letters Ya Noon (AlAlameen, AlDeen, Nasta'een, AlDhaleen).
A: In the Name of Allah The Lord of Mercy The Most-Merciful; Praise to Allah God of the inhabitants of the world*, The Lord of Mercy The Most-Merciful, The Owner (King - Master) of the Day of Repayment** (Judgement), It is You (Alone) we do worship - and it is from You (Alone) we do seek help; Guide*** us to the Straight Path.
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 6, Surat AlFatiha.
* = AlAlameen. Refers to the inhabitants of this world and every world Allah created.
** Reward or punishment.
*** Help us stay on the Straight Path. (When one becomes Muslim he is guided (directed) to Allah's Path. So as Muslims we pray to Allah to help us to stay on The Path).
Words: AlRahman = Lord of Mercy, AlRaheem = The Most-Merciful - The Giver of Mercy, Malik = Owner - King - Master, AlDeen = Repayment - Requital, Iyaka = It is You, Nasta'een = We do seek help, Ehdina = Guide us, ALSirat = The Path, AlMustaqeem = Straight.
Q: Who are known to be on the Straight Path so Muslims pray to Allah to be like them?
Note: Please read first above the translation of the preceding Lines 1 - 6 in Surat AlFatiha.
A: The Path of those on whom You bestowed Grace (Blessings)* - not those who are object of Wrath (of Allah)** neither those who went astray*** (away from Allah's Path = AlDhalleen).
Translation of: Ayah 7, Surat AlFatiha.
* Who are those on whom Allah bestowed His Grace?
** For example a specific group who are an object of Allah's Wrath.
And another example,
*** = AlDhalleen. Whoever follows other than Allah.
Note: Atheists do follow gods. (in Surat AlJasthiyah (45), Ayah (Verse) 23)
Words: Anamta = You bestowed Grace - Blessings - Bounty, Ghayr AlMaghdoub Alayhim = Not those who are object of Wrath, AlDhalleen = Those who went astray (from Allah's Path).
Q: The warning against Allah's punishment is now clear so what should we all do?
A: So do run away (from Allah's punishment) to Allah* for indeed I (Prophet Muhammad) am to you (plural) from Him a clear warner; And do not take with Allah another god for indeed I am to you from Him a clear warner.
Translation of: Ayat 50 - 51, Surat AlThariyat. (51:50 - 51)
* To Allah's Mercy.
** Allah does not forgive worshipping anything other than Him. Remember that worshipping nothing is actually worshipping one's own self.
Words: FaFirrou = So do run away, Natheer = Warner, Mubeen = Clear.
Q: How do disbelievers throughout history fabricate lies against Allah's messengers?
Note: Disbelievers fabricate lies against Allah by worshipping other than Allah. Please read above the translation of the preceding Lines 50-51 in Surat AlTharidyat.
A: In the same way no messenger (of Allah) came to who were before them* but they (disbelievers) said a magician or a madman**.
Translation of: Ayah 52, Surat AlThariyat. (51:52)
* Disbelievers of Arabia at the time of the Prophet Muhammad.
** Unfounded (baseless) accusation made against Allah's truthful messengers.
Words: Ata = Came, Majnoon = Madman - Insane.
Q: Why do disbelievers throughout history repeat the same accusations and lies about Allah and
Note: Please read first above the translation of the preceding Line 52 in Surat AlThariyat.
A: Did they (disbelievers) recommend it (accusation against Allah's messengers) to one another (through a holy book)* - rather (Allah says) they are people who transgress (Allah's) limits**.
Translation of: Ayah 53, Surat AlThariyat. (51:53)
* No holy book of disbelieving did Allah send to them.
** = 'Taghoun'. From the word Tagha. Remember "AlTaghout".
Words: Atawassau Bihi = Did they recommend it to one another - Did they hand it over from generation to generation, Taghoun = Transgressing limits (set by Allah) - Tyrannical.
Q: How is Islam not a compelling religion?
Note: Please read first above the translation of the preceding Lines 50 - 53 in Surat AlThariyat.
A: So (commnad to Prophet Muhammad) turn away from them (persons not listening) because you are not blameworthy.
Translation of: Ayah 54, Surat AlThariyat. (51: 54)
Words: FaTawalla Anhum = So turn away from them - Go away from them, FaMa Anta BiMaloum = Because you are not blameworthy.
Q: Why should believers make time to attend religious preaching?
Note: Please read first above the translation of the preceding Line 54 in Surat AlThariyat.
A: And (command to Prophet Muhammad) remind* because indeed the Reminder does benefit the believers.
Translation of: Ayah 55, Surat AlThariyat. (51: 55)
* Remind with what?
Words: Thakkir = Remind, AlThikra = The Reminder, Nanfe' = Does benefit, AlMo'mineen = The believers.
Q: What is an evidence that the Prophet Muhammad was only a human being supported by Allah?
A: So perhaps you (Prophet Muhammad) are going to leave out some of what has been revealed to you and your chest is becoming tight with it because they say only if a treasure was sent down to him or an angel came with him - rather you are only a warner and Allah is of everything In Charge.
Translation of: Ayah 12, Surat Hood. (11:12)
Words: Tarikun = To leave out, Dha'iq = Becoming tight - Becoming annoyed, Unzila = Is sent down, Kanz = Treasure, Natheer = Warner, Wakeel = In Charge - In Control - Disposer of Affairs.
Q: Who chooses prophets of Allah? Why should a person refrain from falsely claiming to be a prophet* (or a messenger) of Allah?
Note: An example of a claim of prophecy (19/20th century).
A: Allah picks out from angels messengers (= Rusul)* and (messengers) from humans - indeed Allah is All-Hearing All-Seeing.
Translation of: Ayah 75, Surat AlHajj. (22:75)
* Remember Allah's prophets (= 'Nabiyyoun' (plural of 'Nabi') - were less in number and especially supported by Allah (through Holy Books, Miracles etc). Allah's 'Rusul' (plural of 'Rasool') were followers of their contemporary or previous prophets of Allah. So every prophet of Allah was also a messenger. But not every messenger of Allah was also a prophet.
Words: Yasttafi = Picks out - Selects, Rusul = Messengers, AlNas = Humans - People.
Q: Is it Allah's Rule to leave His messengers (from humans and angels) unsupervised doing whatever
Note: Please read first above the translation of the preceding Line 75 in Surat AlHajj.
A: He (Allah) knows what is before* them and what is behind* them and it is to Allah that everything will return.
Translation of: Ayah 76, Surat AlHajj. (22:76)
* Comprehensive knowledge (place and time) of what Allah's messengers do, as is Allah's knowledge of all His creation.
Note: An example of Allah's Knowledge of angels.
Words: Ya'lam = He knows, Bayna Aydeehim = What is before them, Turja' = - Return - Go back. AlUmour = Everything - Matters - Affairs.
Q: What would have
been the Prophet Muhammad's reply to those Muslims nowadays who join sects and follow their
sectarian rituals while thinking they are the true followers of the Prophet Muhammad?
Note: Please read first the translation of the preceding Line 67 in Surat AlHajj.
A: And if they (who follow rituals not practiced by the Prophet Muhammad) dispute with you (Prophet Muhammad) then say Allah knows Best what you do.
Translation of: Ayah 68, Surat AlHajj. (22:68)
Words: Jadalouka = Disputed with you, A'lam = Knows Best.
Q: Yes Or No practiced by the Prophet Muhammad? WHY should Muslim leaders of rituals not practiced by the Prophet
Muhammad look first at the big pictures of such
rituals (rather than the details and justifications) and evaluate them NOW before it is too late?
Note: Please read first the translation above of the preceding Line 68 in Surat AlHajj.
A: Allah is going to judge between you (opposing parties)* on the Day of Judgement in what you were differing.
Translation of: Ayah 69, Surat AlHajj. (22:69)
* Who follow rituals practiced by the Prophet Muhammad and those who follow rituals not practiced by the Prophet Muhammad.
Words: Yahkum = Is going to judge - Is judging, Feema Kuntum Feehi Takhtalifoun = In what you were differing.
Q: How is it clear from the Words of the Qur'an that there is no prophet/messenger after the Prophet
A: And We (Allah) did not send before you (Min Qablika) (Prophet Muhammad) any messenger (= rasool) or prophet (= nabi) except that when he talked (his own words during Allah's Revelation being utterd by him) Satan insinuates** something in his talk (not Allah's Word) So Allah deletes what Satan insinuates then Allah makes firm (very clear meaning)*** His Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic Lines) and Allah is All-Knowing All-Wise.
Translation of: Ayah 52, Surat AlHajj. (22:52).
* Very clear words of Allah. There is no prophet/messenger after the Prophet Muhammad.
** As mentioned in Tafseer Ibn Katheer, volume 3 pages 338-340: it is reported by Ibn Abbas may Allah be pleased with him: When sometimes the Prophet Muhammad talked Satan tried to interfere with his own words.
** Insinuates: Satan suggests bad things which the Prophet Muahmmad did not say.
In a summary of Tafseer Ibn Katheer, volume 3 pages 338 - 339 Ibn Kastheer mentions in a footnote page 338 that an incident mentioned down and its details are made up by disbelievers who oppose the Qur'an. The evidence is that towards the end of the Ayah Allah consoles the Prophet Muhammad that other prophets/messengers experienced what the Prophet experienced.
The incident mentioned in 'Ibn Kastheer': When Surat AlNajm was being revealed and the polytheists' human made gods were mentioned, Satan made the polytheists think that the Prophet Muhammad accidently said something that they are highly sought and their intercession is sought. So when the Prophet Muhammad reached the end of Surat AlNajm he prostrated and the polytheists prostrated too. Muslims were confused because they did not hear what Satan made the polytheists hear. Satan made polytheists believe it was from the Allah's Word. So the word spread and people thought all the people of Mecca became Muslims. So when the Prophet Muhammad recited the Ayat and there was nothing similar to what polytheists thought they heard, they increased their harm to Muslims.
*** Difference between Allah's Ayat: "made firm (fundamental) = AlMuhkamat" and "made look similar = AlMutashabihat".
Note: The testimony of Islam implies that Prophet Muhammad is Allah's last prophet. The Qur'an is a miracle and all Muslim scholars agree that the it clearly understood from the Arabic language of the 'Ayah 33: in Surat AlAhzab 40' that there is no prophet/messenger after the Prophet Muhammad.
Note:Reference is to a group who originally split off Islam following their movement founder . The founder claimed to be many personalities. In the second paragraph 'non-law-bearing (or deputy) prophet after Muhammad',
(Note: Remember that it is possible with the internet to edit/pull down pages so read pages as early as possible).
Who is the group?
Remember the Prophet Muhammad did not contradict the Qur'an so there is an unheard of saying referring to the Prophet Muhammad in the linked video.
Note; An argument..
May Allah guide us all to His Path.
Words: Ma Arsalna = We did not send, Rasool, Messenger, Nabi = Prophet, Tammanna = Talked, Alqa = Insinuates - Suggests or hints bad things, FaYansakh Allah = So Allah deletes, Yuhkim = Makes firm - Makes fundamental - Makes very clear.
Q: Who becomes under trial from Allah because of arguing about Allah's Ayat?
Note: An example of how Satan makes his followers argue about Allah's Word:
When Ayah 98 in Surat AlAnbiya (21) was revealed "Indeed you (disbelievers) - and what (idols) you worship other than Allah are gravel (stones = hasab)* for Hell - you are going to get into it (Fire)" polytheists of Mecca argued that Jesus and angels were also worshipped other than Allah. Source: Egypt's ex-mufti 'Hassanain Muhammad Makhlouf' in 'Safwat AlBayan liMa'ani AlQur'an', in Arabic, page 431.
Note: The translation of the preceding Line 52 in Surat AlHajj is above.
A: So that He (Allah) makes what Satan insinuates a (confusing) trial for those in whose hearts is illness (hypocrisy) and whose hearts are hardened** and indeed the transgressors (against Allah's Limits) are in a far away splitting (from Allah's Path).
Translation of: Ayah 53, Surat AlHajj. (22:53)
* Who encourages arguments about Allah's Word.
** When Allah is not remembered and feared hearts become hardened. (please read because it is edited)
Note: Remember Satan and his soldiers were kept away from hearing the Qur'an everytime it was being revealed to Prophet Muhammad.
Words: Yulqi = Hints bad things - Suggests bad things, Fitnah = Trial, Maradh = Illness, AlQasiyati Quloubuhum = Whose hearts are hardened, Shiqaq = Splitting - Schism, Ba'eed = Far away.
Q: What does Allah tell only people of knowledge?
Note: Please read first above the traanslation of the preceding Lines 52-53 in Surat AlHajj.
A: And let those given knowledge* know that it (Qur'an) is The Truth from your God so they believe in it so their hearts become peacefully humbled** to Him (Allah) and indeed (Promise from Allah) Allah is certainly going to guide those who believed to a Straight Path (that leads to Paradise).
Translation of: Ayah 54, Surat AlHajj. (22:54)
* Knowledge which separates between truth and falsehood. Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 3, page 340.
** Become peacefully humbled = Tukhbit. Opposite of 'hardened'.
Words: AlLatheen Utou AlIlm = Those given knowledge, AlHaqq = The Truth, FaTukhbit LaHu Quloubuhum = So their hearts become peacefully humbled to Him, LaHadi = Is certainly going to guide.
Q: Why do believers not doubt or argue about any of the Qur'anic Lines?
Note: Please read first above the translation of the preceding Line 52 (edited: Ibn Kastheer's footnote is added), Ayah 53 and Ayah 54 in Surat AlHajj.
A: And those who disbelieved will continue to be (= La yazal) in questionable doubt (= Fi Miryatin)* about it until the Hour (Day of Judgement) suddenly reaches them or the punishment of a barren** day (in life) befalls them.
Translation of: Ayah 55, Surat AlHajj. (22:55)
* They doubt it and keep on arguing about it.
** An example of a barren day of punishment.
Note: Qur'anic Lines (Verses) are Miraculous partly because of their content, Allah's Tone, rich vocabulary and unmatched rich syntax in the Arabic Language.
The interpretation of separate Qur'anic Lines (Verses) should be made only in view of the whole Qur'an. Therefore we need the help of famous scholars of Islam who mastered the Arabic Language for the interpretation of the Qur'anic Lines.
Words: Fi Miryatin = In questionable doubt, Baghtah = Suddently, Aqeem= Barren.
Q: Why should not those who doubt and question Qur'anic Lines (Verses) think that they are on Allah's
A: The Absolute Authority that Day (Day of Judgement) is Allah's - He will judge between them* (believers of the Qur'an and disbelievers) so those who believed and did righteous deeds will be in the Gardens of Bliss; And those who disbelieved and rejected as lies* (= Kaththabou) Our Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic Lines) then those for them is a humiliating punishment.
Translation of: Ayat 56 - 57, Surat AlHajj. (22:56-57)
* Who doubt and argue about the Qur'anic Lines become disbelievers as mentioned in the preceding Line (55) in Surat AlHajj.
Words: AlMulk = Absolute Authority - Dominance - Kingdom, ANa'eem = Bliss - Affluence, Kaththabou = Rejected as lies, Muheen = Humiliating.
Q: When facing rejection from disbelievers how was the Prophet Muhammad consoled by Allah?
A: And if they reject you (Prophet Muhammad) as a liar then messengers were rejected as liars (by their people) before you and to Allah all things will return.
Translation of: Ayah 4, Surat Fatir. (35:4)
Words: Yukaththibouka = If they reject you as a liar, Turja' = Return, AlUmour = All things - All matters - All affairs.
Q: A controversial topic - Intercession of the Prophet Muhammad in this life or the Other Life?
Note: The truth in the Qur'an is easily understood by discerning Muslims who can tell the right from the wrong:
What does Allah say about the death of the Prophet Muhammad?
Muslims are commanded to send a certain greeting of Allah upon the Prophet Muhammad.
Reward from Allah for sending Allah's greetings to the Prophet Muhammad.
Prayers (Supplication) of the Prophet Muhammad for Muslims.
Especially many non-Arab Muslims are left confused. Watch these videos.
Dr. Tahir UlQadri (beginning argument in Urdu)
Dr. Zakir Naik
Q: What is the meaning of 'AlWaseelah' in the Arabic language of the Qur'an?
Note: Some especially non-Arab Muslims supplicate to Allah using the Prophet Muhammad as means '= Waseelah' to intercede with Allah in life.
A: 'AlWaseelah' is mentioned twice in the Qur'an.
'AlWaseelah' in Surat AlIsra'
'AlWaseelah' in Surat AlMa'idah
Q: Why is it important to follow the way of the Prophet Muhammad (sayings completed with actions) in Islam?
A: O those who believe do obey Allah and His Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) and do not turn away from him while you are hearing; And do not be like the ones* who said (to Prophet Moses) we heard while they were not (intending to be) listening.
Translation of: Ayat 20 - 21, Surat AlAnfal. (8:20-21).
* They said publicly 'we hear' but secretly inside their hearts they said 'we disobey'.
Note: An example of how Muslims listening to the Prophet Muhammad were intending to obey him: AlMiqdad Bin Amr said to the Prophet Muhammad in the Battle of Badr: O Prophet of Allah go ahead with what Allah commanded you and we are with you. By Allah we do not say as Beni Israel said to Prophet Moses: Go and fight with your God for we are here sitting. (translation of Ayah 22 in Surat AlMa'idah). Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 2 page 424.
Words: Atee'ou = Do obey, Tasma'oun = Hearing.
Q: Disbelievers thought of many plots against the Prophet Muhammad but why did they not
succeed in their plotting?
A: And when those who disbelieved plotted against you (Prophet Muhammad) to restrain your movement (by tying with a rope)* or to kill you or to cast you out - and they were plotting and Allah was plotting (to spread His Message) and Allah is the Best of those who plot.
Translation of: Ayah 30, Surat AlAnfal. (8:30).
* According to Ibn Kastheer, volume 2 pages 444-445: Narrated by Ibn Abbas: A group of leaders of the Tribe of Quraysh gathered to decide about the destiny of Prophet Muhammad. So Iblees (Head of Satans) joined them in the shape of a respected old man from 'Najd' in Arabia. They did not know him but he insisted he can give them advice. One of them claimed the Prophet is a poet so to tie him up until he dies like the other famous poets 'Zuhair' and 'AlNabighah'. So the old man shouted his people will free him and send you out from Mecca so think of another plot. Another man suggested to cast him out. Satan said the Prophet will have more followers outside and they will come back. So 'Abu Jahl' suggested a young man from every famous family in Qurash gather and kill the Prophet Muhammad when he steps out from his house. Satan said this the right plot. And they agreed. But Allah sent Angel Gabriel to tell Prophet Muhammad not to sleep in his bed and the Prophet went out with a handful of dust and threw it on the gathered young men. They slept in their places and the Prophet was saved. (This was the beginning of the migration to 'AlMadinah').
Words: Ith Yamkur = When they were plotting, LiYusthbitouka = To restrain your movement (by tying with a rope), Yaqtolouka = To kill you, Yukhrijouka = To cast you out, Khair = Best.
Q: Disbelievers who realize that the Truth in the Qur'an can be only Allah's Word but they refuse to give it recognition what
type of falsehood they associate the Qur'an with?
A: And when Our (Allah's) Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic Lines) are being recited to them they say we had already heard (similar stuff) if we please certainly we could say* similar to it (Qur'an) this is not but mythologies of the ancient people (= Asateer AlAwaleen).
Translation of: Ayah 31, Surat AlAnfal. (8:31).
* Irresponsible arrogant reply from disbelievers. They cannot (Refer to Surat AlIsra').
Words: Tutla = Are being recited, Qed Sam'na = We had already heard. Asateer = Mythologies - Made up narratives, AlAwaleen = Ancient people.
Q: As a Muslim why should you obey the commands of Allah and the Way (authenticated sayings, actions and life teachings = Sunnah*) of the
A: And obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) and beware (of Allah)** - but if you (plural) turn away then let it be known to you that indeed upon Our Messenger is only the Clear Delivery (of Allah's Message).
Translation of: Ayah 92, Surat AlMa'idah. (5:92)
* Note: Nowadays some Muslims who say they are Sunni, their actions are a mix up of for example 'Sunni' and 'Sufi'.
Note: At the time of the Prophet Muhammad there were only 'Muslims' following Allah and the Prophet Muhammad.
** Beware of Allah in case you disobey.
Note: The translation of the preceding Line 91 in Surat AlMa'idah.
Words: Atee'ou = Obey (plural), Ehtharou = Beware - Be cautious.
Q: What may happen to those who do not follow the Way (authenticated sayings and actions and life teachings = Sunnah) of the Prophet
A: (command to Muslims around the Prophet) Do not make calling the Prophet (addressing the Prophet) like your calling of one another* - Allah has already known those who sneak out from you** keeping close (not to be recognized)*** so let those who transgress his (the Prophet's) order be aware lest an ordeal trial (in life)**** befalls them or a severe punishment (on Day of Judgement) is inflicted on them.
Translation of: Ayah 63, Surat AlNoor. (24:63)
* By name only or calling without respect...etc. For example summoning the Prophet Muhammad. (in Surat AlHujurat)
** Some hypocrite Muslims during the sermons of the Prophet Muhammad. Source: Ex-Mufti of Egypt's "Safwat AlBayan liMa'ani AlQur'an", in Arabic, page 459.
*** They sneak out by keeping close to each other so as not to be recognized.
**** Punishment through trial (testing).
Words: Dua' = Calling - Summoning, Yatasalaloun = Sneak out - Run away silently, Liwathan = Keeping close, Yukhalifoun = Transgress - Infringe - Misbehave, An = Lest - For fear of, Tuseebahum, Yuseebahum = Befalls them, Is inflicted upon them.
Q: Why should not people secretly or publicly give any of Allah's Messengers who were humans a status in life above what Allah gave
A: The duty of the Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) is only the delivery of the Message* (of Allah) and Allah knows what you (plural) reveal and what you conceal.
Translation of: Ayah 99, Surat AlMa'idh. (5:99)
* People turn away from Allah's MESSAGE to all humanity that Allah is the Only and One God.
Words: Ma Ala AlRasool Illa = The duty of the Messenger is only - It is not the duty of the Messenger except, AlBalagh = The delivery of the Message.
Q: What title of the Prophet Muhammad people are reminded of repeatedly in the Qur'an?
A: You are not but a warner (of Hell).
Translation of: Ayah 23, Surat Fatir. (35:23).
Words: In Anta Illa natheer = You are not but a warner.
Q: Why do especially many intelligent professionals not follow Allah's Message?
A: And the living and the dead are not equal - indeed Allah makes hear (the Message) whomever He wills - and you (Prophet Muhammad) are not going to make hear those who are in the graves (dead in the darkness*).
Translation of: Ayah 22, Surat Fatir. (35:22)
* No Guidance from Allah = Living in the darkness (ignorance)and not getting out of it like one who is already dead. (in Surat AlNoor)
Note: Remember the difference between the Guidance of Allah and the Prophet Muhammad being a guide to Allah's Message. (in Surat AlQasas)
Words: AlAhya' = The living, AlAmwat = The dead, Ma BiMusme' = You are not going to make hear.
Q: What are disbelievers who are ignorant about the real purpose of their lives compared to?
Note: The whole purpose of human existence in this life. (in Surat AlThariyat)
A: So is the one (believer) who was dead* then We (Allah) made him alive and We made for him a Light (Guidance of Faith) with which he walks among people - (is he) similar to the one (disbeliever) who is (still dead) in the depths of darkness (without Light) - he is not going to get out of it - in this way it was made to look good** for the disbelievers what they were doing.
Translation of: Ayah 122, Surat AlAn'am. (6:122)
* Human being in the womb is first created dead and then Allah gives him life. (in Surat AlBaqarah)
** Satan deceives them to disobey Allah.
Note: With believing hearts persons follow Allah's Message. Without believing one is living like the dead without a heart that beats. (in Surat Qaf)
Words: Maytan = Dead, FaAhyaynahu = So We made him alive - So We gave him life.
Q: What makes disbelievers remain in the darkness of ignorance about Allah's Attributes and His Message?
A: And those who rejected Our (Allah's) Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic Lines) as lies are deaf* and mute* in the depths of darkness (blind*)- whomever Allah wills He makes him go astray (from Allah's Path) and whomever He (Allah) wills He makes him on a Straight Path (leading to Paradise).
Translation of: Ayah 39, Surat AlAn'am. (6:39)
* Disbelievers as well as the hypocrites among believers - deaf, mute and blind together (to Allah). (in Surat AlBaqarah)
Words: Kaththabou = Rejected as lies, Summ = Deaf, Bukm = Mute - Dumb, Yudhlilhu = Makes him go astray.
Q: How do we understand that it is impossible according to Allah to make believers equal to disbelievers?
A: And the blind* is not equal to the one who can see; Neither (are equal) the depths of darkness to the light; Neither (is equal) the shade to the (place with) hot wind.
Translation of: Ayat 19 - 21, Surat Fatir. (35:19-21)
* To Allah disbelievers are blind because they do not see Who created everything. (in Surat AlHajj)
Note: Those who are spiritually dead (blind in the darkness of ignorance of Allah) pray to other than Allah. (in Surat AlRa'd)
Words: AlDhulumat = The depths of darkness, AlDhil = Shade, AlHarour = Hot wind.
Q: For what is Prophet Muhammad and his Muslim Nation are commanded to ask Allah a lot?
A: And ask (command to Prophet Muhammad) Allah for forgiveness for He is Most-Forgiving Most-Merciful.
Translation of: Ayah 106, Surat AlNisa'. (4:106)
Words: Estaghfir = Ask for forgiveness.
Q: When facing unavoidable harm from any disbelievers why is the believer considered a winner if he remains patient?
A: So (command to Prophet Muhammad) be patient for Allah's Promise is True so either (in life) We (Allah) will certainly show you (Prophet Muhammad) some of what (punishment)* We have been promising them or We take your soul (at death time) so to Us they are returning*.
Translation of: Ayah 77, Surat Ghafir. (40:77)
* They will be in either case punished.
Words: Nuriyannaka = We will certainly show you, Natawaffaynaka = We take your soul at death time - We make you dead.
Q: What is an evidence from Allah that Prophet Muhammad did not make up the Qur'an?
A: We* (Allah) narrate upon you (Prophet Muhammad) the best narratives through what We revealed to you of this Qur'an although you were before it (Qur'an) certainly among the unaware (persons).
Translation of: Ayah 3, Surat Yusuf. (12:3)
* In the Qur'an Allah speaks both in the 'I' or 'We' forms. See the justice of Allah: Allah was sending His Word (Qur'anic Verses) to Prophet Muhammad through Angel Gabriel so Allah uses in this context "We".
And when it comes to Allah as the Only and One God the form "I" is used. (the example is from Surat AlQasas). And Allah knows best.
Words: Naqussu = We narrate, Ahsen = The best, BiMa = Through what, Awhayna = We revealed, AlGhafileen = The unaware - The inattentive.
Q: Why do believers love the company of other believers?
A: And (command to Prophet Muhammad) make yourself stay with those who call upon their God morning and evening seeking His Face (His Satisfaction) and do not let your eyes pass beyond them asking for the temporary decoration of this life and do not obey whomever We (Allah) made his heart inattentive to Our (Allah's) Remembrance and he followed his own whim and his affair became negligently abandoning* ( Allah's Religion).
Translation of: Ayah 28, Surat AlKahf. (18:28)
* Furutta: Wasting or Exceeding (going beyond and other than Allah's Limits). Source: Tafseer waBayan Mufradat AlQuran, in Arabic, page 297.
Note: Remember Allah did not neglect anything in the Scripture.
Remember Prophet Yusuf's brothers negligently abandoned him.
Words: Essbir Nafsaka = Make yourself stay, Yadouna = They call upon, BilGhadati WelAshi = Morning and evening, La Ta'du Aynaka = Do not let your eyes pass beyond, Aghfalna = We made inattentive, Hawahu = His own whim - His own desire, Amruhu = His affair - His case, Furutta = Negligently abandoning - Negligently letting go - Immoderation - Excess.
Q: Man has the OPTION to worship other than Allah. But what DANGER already surrounding them was Prophet Muhammad commanded to warn such
A: And (Allah's Command to Prophet Muhammad) say the Truth (= AlHaqq) is from your God so who wants then let him believe and who wants then let him disbelieve - indeed We (Allah) had (already) prepared for the transgressors (against Allah) a Fire - around WHOM (disbelivers) its pavilion* had (already) surrounded and if they ask for help they will be helped with water like melted metal roasting the faces - how miserable is the drink and how bad it is as a resting place.
Translation of: Ayah 29, Surat AlKahf. (18:29)
* Its pavilion (domed structure) with its cover of smoke and dust had surrounded them. Source: "Google books".
Words: Suradiquha = Its pavilion - Its domed structure, Muhl = Melted metal, Bi'sa = How miserable is, AlSharab = The drink, Sa'at = How bad it is, Murtafaqa = Resting place - Reclining place.
Q: Why should persons refrain from making fun or mocking Prophet Muhammad and any of Allah's Messengers before him?
A: And certainly messengers before* you (Prophet Muhammad) were made fun of so brought disaster on those who were mocking what they were making fun of.
Translation of: Ayah 10, Surat AlAn'am. (6:10)
* This is an indirect reminder there is no messenger from Allah after Prophet Muhammad.
Note: Those who ridiculed the Prophet challenged to see Allah's punishment on them in life. (in Surat Hood)
Words: FaHaqa Bihim = So brought disaster on them - so befell them , AlLatheena Sakhirou = Those who were mocking - mimicing - imitating, Ma Kanou Bihi Yastahzeoun = What they were making fun of - ridiculing.
Q: By rejecting Prophet Muhammad as a liar what do disbelievers actually target?
Note: Remember that Prophet Muhammad was known even in Pre-Islamic Arabia as "AlAmeen = the honest) among his people.
A: We (Allah) already know that it indeed makes you sad whatever they (disbelievers) say - yet indeed they do not (actually) reject you as a liar rather the transgressors (unjust to Allah because of disbelieving) reject to recognize* the Miraculous Signs (Qur'anic Lines) of Allah.
Translation of: Ayah 33, Surat AlAn'am. (6:33)
* Pre-Islamic Arabians were very eloquent in the Arabic Language and especially poetry. They knew that the Qur'an cannot be man's word but they rejected it as lies. (in Surat Yunus)
Words: Qed Na'lam = We already know, La Yukathibounaka = They do not reject you as a liar, Yajhadoun = Reject to recognize.
Q: Why did Prophet Muhammad have to be patient with the harm received from the disbelievers?
A: And certainly messengers before you (Prophet Muhammad) were rejected as liars so they were patient with what they were rejected as liars and were harmed for until Our (Allah's) Support reached them and there is no changer for the Words of Allah and certainly it had already reached you (Prophet Muhammad) from the narratives* of those sent as messengers (by Allah).
Translation of: Ayah 34, Surat AlAn'am. (6:34)
* The Qur'an is full with narratives which provide comfort for beievers against disbelievers' harm. (in Surat Hood)
Words: Uthou = They were harmed, La Mubaddila = No changer - No changing, Naba'e = Narratives.
Q: Why was Prophet Muhammad reminded to persevere and be patient with the disbelievers?
Note: Remember that man has choice to what faith he wants to follow.
Guidance is only from Allah. Allah guides to Islam whoever wants to be guided and shows readiness for accepting Islam. (in Surat AlQasas)
A: And if it became hard on you (Prophet Muhammad) their (disbelievers') turning away then if you could seek a tunnel in the earth or a ladder into the Heaven and bring them a Miraculous Sign (a miracle*) and if Allah wills then He (Allah) would have brought them together to the Right Guidance (Allah's) so do not be from the ignorant (command to persevere).
Translation of: Ayah 35, Surat AlAn'am. (6:35)
* The Tone here "do it on your own". The Prophet peace be upon him knew better than disobeying Allah.
Words: Kana Kabura = Became hard, I'radhum = Their turning away, Tabtaghi = Seek, Nafaqan = A tunnel, Sulaman = A ladder, AlHuda = The Right Guidance - Allah's Guidance, AlJahileen = The ignorant - Those who do not have knowledge.
Q: What are disbelievers who voluntarily choose to be "deaf" to Allah's Message reminded of?
A: Rather those who answer (the call of Islam) are those who listen* - and
Translation of: Ayah 36, Surat AlAn'am. (6:36)
* What happens to the hearing faculty of disbelievers who do not listen to Allah's Message? (Ayah 25, in Surat AlAn'am)
Words: yastajeeb = Answers - Accepts, Yasmaoun = They listen - They hear, Yabasthuhum = Raises them up.
Q: Who was given Guidance from Allah and Prophet Muhammad was commanded to follow in their footsteps?
A: Those* (Prophets before Prophet Muhammad) were the ones Allah guided* so (command to Prophet Muhammad) follow their guided example - say (command to Prophet Muhammad) I do not ask you for it a payment - it (Guidance in the Qur'an) is not but a Reminder for all people (= AlAlameen).
Translation of: Ayah 90, Surat AlAn'am. (6:90)
* Allah guided them to His Path that leads straight to Paradise. (Ayat 84-87, in Surat AlAn'am)
Words: FaBiHudahum Eqtadeh = So follow their guided example, Thikra = A Reminder.
Q: How was Prophet Muhammad under Allah's Care even when Angel Gabriel did not come down with Quranic Lines for days?
A: And by* the morning; And by the night when it becomes calm; (command to Prophet Muhammad) Your God did not say farewell to you neither did He detest you.
Translation of: Ayat 1 - 3, Surat AlDhuha. (93:1-3)
Note: The Ayah was sent down when Angel Gabriel did no come down with Quranic Lines (Ayat) for days. So the Tribe of Quraish (who worshipped Allah but joined partners with Him) said his God left him. Source: Safwat AlBayan liMa'ani AlQuran, in Arabic, page 810.
* Anything Allah takes an oath by is worth human attention because of its effect on human life.
Words: AlDhuha = The morning, AlLayl = Night, Ma Wadda'aka = Did not say farewell, Qala = Did not detest, Did not hate.
Q: What guarantees that the Other World for believers will be better than our existing World?
A: And certainly the Other World is better for you (Prophet Muhammad) than this world ; And your God will certainly give you (Prophet Muhammad) so you will be contented.
Translation of: Ayat 4 - 5, Surat AlDhuha. (93:4-5)
Words: LalAkhirah = Certainly the Other World, AlUla = This World, FaTardha = Then you will be contented - be satisfied.
Q: Based on Allah's Favour on Prophet Muhammad what is the first step to help orphans?
A: Did He (Allah) not see you (Prophet Muhammad) an orphan so He provided lodging for you (in a good house)*.
Translation of: Ayah 6, Surat AlDhuha. (93:6)
* First with the Prophet's grandfather "Abdul Mattalib" who was a leader of "Banu Hashim" - a well known family among the people of Quraish. Then when the grandfather died, Allah gave the Prophet shelter with his uncle "Abu Talib".
Words: Yajidka = See you - Find you, Yateeman = An orphan, FaAwa = So He provided lodging for you - So He gave you shelter.
Q: What should we refrain from when dealing with orphans?
A: As for the orphan so do not overwhelm* (him).
Translation of: Ayah 9, Surat AlDhuha. (93:9)
* Do not make him feel helpless.
Note: Remember where you will be in Paradise if you take good care of an orphan. (Refer to the note in bold font)
Also remember an orphan in Islam is who lost his father and did not reach adulthood.
Words: LA Taqhar = Do not Overwhelm - Overpower - Overload - Do not bee harsh.
Q: What is Muslims' religious responsibility towards other humans?
A: And He (Allah) saw you (Prophet Muhammad) wandering* (thinking about Allah's Path) so He guided** (you); And He saw you in need so He gave you enough.
Translation of: Ayat 7 - 8, Surat AlDhuha. (93:7-8)
* Prophet Muhammad was born in the midst of the idolatry and polytheism of Makkah in a family which as the custodian of this false worship. He wandered in quest of Unity and found it by the Guidance of Allah. Source: The Holy Quran: English Translation of the Meanings and Commentary, 2092p. (Based on the translation of Abdullah Yusuf Ali), page 1970.
** Remember the difference between Allah's Guidance and humans' guidance including Prophet Muhammad's guidance to others. (in Surat AlQasas)
Note: Prophet Muhammad married Aminah may Allah be pleased with her. She was a wealthy woman among Quraish.
Words: WaWajadaka = And He saw you - found you, Aailan = In need, FaAghna = So he gave you enough - He made you rich.
Q: What should you refrain from when facing a beggar you don't want to help?
A: And as for the beggar so do not scold* (him).
Translation of: Ayah 10, Surat AlDhuha. (93:10)
* It is an Islamic behaviour to answer the beggar who asks you for money by saying quietly 'forgive me'.
Words: FaAmma = As for - With regard to, AlSaa'il = The beggar - The person who lives by asking for food or money.
Q: Why is it an Islamic behaviour to show Allah's Favour on us when we become rich for example?
A: And about the Grace of your God on you (Prophet Muhammad) so do tell* (about it).
Translation of: Ayah 11, Surat AlDhuha. (93:11)
* Talk about the Favour and thank Allah for it in the way Allah likes (thanking and sharing).
Note In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: The Prophet saw a man known to be wealthy wearing cheap and poor-looking clothes. The Prophet asked him what type of wealth he has. He answered from every type. The Prophet told him to go and put on appropriate clothes which show Allah's Favour on him. (Source will be added later insha Allah).
Words: BiNi'mati Rubbika = About the Grace of your God - the Blessing, FaHaddisth = So do tell - narrate.
Q: Why is it unlawful (haram) for Muslims to marry a woman without giving her dowry and without permission from her guardian (= Weli AlAmr)?
A: O Prophet (Prophet Muhammad) indeed We (Allah) have made lawful to you your wives whom you gave their wages (dowry) and what you owned (slaves*) from among what Allah (female captives) bestowed upon (= Afa'a**) you and (among) your paternal uncle's daughters and your paternal aunt's daughters and your maternal uncle's daughters and your maternal aunt's daughters who emigrated (from Mecca to AlMadinah) with you (Prophet Muhammad) and a believing woman if she gifted (= Wahabat***) herself to the Prophet (Prophet Muhammad) if the Prophet wanted to marry her uniquely for you (Prophet Muhamamd) and not for other believing men - We (Allah) knew what We imposed upon them (believers) regarding their wives**** and what (slaves) they owned so that no blame be upon you (Prophet Muhammad) and Allah is All-Forgiving All-Merciful.
Translation of: Ayah 50, Surat AlAhzab. (33:50)
* Slavery of captives was recognized and an accepted practice at the time of Prophet Muhammad.
** For "Afa'a" refer to Ayat 6-7 in Surat AlHashr).
*** Without dowry or male guardian (= Weli AlAmr). Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, Volume 3, page 727.
**** Four wives is the maximum number for any Muslim to marry. (Refer to Surat AlNisa')
Other than for Prophet Muhammad, dowry, bride's guardian (weli AlAmr) and witnesses are required for all marrying a woman in Islam.
Words: Ujourahumnna = Their wages - Their dowry, Afa'a = Bestowed, Banat Ammik = Your paternal uncle's daughters, Banat Khalik = Your maternal uncle's daughters, Wahabat = Gifted, Khalisatan Laka = Uniquely for you, Min Doon AMo'mineen = And not for other believing men, Alimna = We knew, Faradhna = Imposed, Haraj = Blame.
Q: If a Muslim has more than one wife why should he observe rotation between/among them as much as possible?
A: You (Prophet Muhammad*) may postpone (wife's turn) whomever you like among them (the Prophet's wives) and to take to stay with you whomever you like and whoever you wish from those whom you set aside then no blame upon you - that is closer for the delight of their eyes and that they do not feel sad and become satisfied with what you gave them all and Allah knows what is in your (plural) hearts and Allah is All-Knowing Most-Tolerant.
Translation of: Ayah 51, Surat AlAhzab. (33:51)
* Prophet Muhammad alone was given permission from Allah to postpone or bring forward any of his wives' turn.
Note: In a saying narrated by A'isha, the Prophet's respected wife: Prophet Muhammad used to rotate among his wives justly. Then he used to say: My God this is my work in what I own, so do not hold me accountable (La Talumni) in what You own and I do not own. (the Prophet meant the heart). Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, Volume 1, pages 727-728.
Words: Turji = Postpone, Tu'wi = To take to stay, Azalta = Set aside, Adna = To be closer, Taqarra A'yunuhunna = For the delight of their eyes - For the consolation of their eyes, Yahzana = Feel sad, Yardhayna = Become satisfied.