Q: Why does Allah want us to give charity even to those whom we do not know?
A: They (the righteous faithful ones) fulfill their vows and they fear a Day whose damage is widespread; And they give to eat, the food despite its love to a needy person and an orphan and a prisoner; Indeed we feed you for the Sake of Allah - we do not want from you a reward or to be thankful; For we fear from Our God a severe frowning Day*; So Allah saved them from the disaster of that Day and let them meet with youthfulness and joy; And He rewarded them for being patient with a Garden (of Paradise) and (garments of) silk.
Translation of: Ayat 7 - 12, Surat AlInsan.
* Day of Judgment will make the sinners frown with distress from Allah's coming punishment.
Words: Yufun = They Fulfill, Nathr = Vows, Yakhaf = He Fears, Yawm = Day, Shar = Damage - Disaster, Mustateer = Widespread, Yut'em = Gives to eat - Feeds, Ta'am = Food, Hub = Love, Miskeen = Needy - Poor, Yateem = Orphan, Aseer = Prisoner, Wajh = Sake - Face, Jaza' = Reward, Shakoor = Thankful, Nakhaf = We fear, Abous = Frowning, Kamtareer = Severe, Lakka = let them meet, Nadhrah = Youthfulness, Suroor = Joy, Sabara = Be patient, Hareer = Silk.
Q: Is the money that we have initially ours?
A: And Allah has favoured some of you over others in wealth; So those who have been favoured are not going to return their wealth to those who are under them so they become in it equal; So with the favour of Allah are they ungrateful? And Allah had made from your selves (human) mates and He made from your mates children and grandchildren and He gave you from the good things; So in the falsehood you do believe and in Allah's favour you disbelieve?! And they worship other than Allah what does not own for them any wealth from the heavens or the earth and they cannot! So do not give Allah examples; It is Allah Who knows and you do not know. Allah has quoted as an example a slave owned (by others), he is capable of doing nothing and the one whom We gave a good wealth so he spends from it (charity) secretly and publicly, are they equal? Praise to Allah but most of them do not know.
Translation of: Ayat 71 - 75, Surat AlNahl.
Words: Fadhdhala = Favoured, Ba'dh = Some, Rizq = Wealth - Sustenance, Malakat Ayman = Under them - Servants - Slaves, Sawa' = Equal, Yajhad = Be grateful, Anfus = Selves, Azwaj = Mates, Baneen = Children, Hafadah = Grandchildren, Tay'yebat = Good things, Baatil = Falsehood, Ya'bud = Worship, Tadhrib AlAms(th)al = Give examples, Abd = Slave, Mamlook = Owned, Yunfiq = Spends, Siran = Secretly, Jahran = Publicly, Ya'lamoun = Know (plural).
Q: Do the poor have a rightful share in our money?
A: For the righteous are in Gardens and springs; Receiving what their God has given them - they were before that doers of good deeds; They were sleeping but little during the night; And at dawn times they were praying for forgiveness; And in their wealth a rightful share for the beggar (poor who asks) and the deprived (poor who does not ask).
Translation of: Ayat 15 - 19, Surat AlThariyat.
Note: According to the scholar 'Hasanain Mohammad Makhlouf' the above lines where sent down on the Prophet when he was in Mecca. AlZakat (a pillar of Islam which is a fixed amount of a Muslim's wealth) was decreed later on when the Prophet was in AlMadina.
Words: Mutaqeen = Righteous - Doers of good deeds, Jannat = Gardens, Uyoun = Springs, Akhidh = Receiving, Yahje'oun = Sleep, As haar = Dawn times, Yastaghfiroun = They pray or forgiveness, Amwal = Wealth, Saa'il = Beggar, Mahroum = Deprived.
Q: What will happen to the wealth that one saves and does not spend from it as Allah commanded?
A: O believers for a lot of the rabbis and monks certainly consume people's wealth wrongfully and they prevent (people) from the Path of Allah and those who treasure up (accumulate) gold and silver (wealth) and do not spend them in the Path of Allah (to please Allah) so announce (command to Prophet Muhammad) to them the news of a severe punishment; The Day (of Judgment) they will be made hot in the Fire of Hell and their foreheads and their sides and their backs will be burnt with them - this is what you were treasuring for yourselves so (now) taste what you were treasuring.
Translation of: Ayat 34 - 35, Surat AlTawbah.
Note: In a summary of a saying by the Prophet Muhammad: Any wealth of which AlZakat (charity of a fixed amount in Islam) is given out is not considered an accumulated treasure. (remember the meantioned is lawfully obtained wealth "maal halal").
Words: AlAhbar = Rabbis, AlRuhban = Monks - Priests, LaYa'koloun = They certainly consume, BilBatil = Wrongfully - Without due right, Yaknizoun = They treasure up - Accumulate for future use, Thahab = Gold, Fidhah = Silver, Yonfiqoun = Spend, Bashshir = Announce the news, Yuhma = Is made hot, Jibaah = Foreheads, Junoub = Sides, Dhohour = Backs, Thouqu (plural) = Taste.
Q: What might happen to a person who is very rich yet he is arrogant and keeps all his wealth for himself?
Note: Qarun was a miser man who did not like to make charity but he used to spend a lot of money on lavish parties.
A: For Qarun was from the people of Moses (= Moosa) so he became oppressive (unjust) to them and We (Allah) gave him from the treasures that a strong group of people (usually 10-40) will certainly be burdened (with difficulty) by their keys - when his people said to him do not be arrogant with happiness for Allah does not like the arrogant with happiness; And seek with what Allah gave you the Other World and do not forget your (rightful) share from this life - and be charitable as Allah has been charitable to you and do not seek corruption in the land for Allah does not like the corrupters; He said rather I was given it (wealth) because of the knowledge that I possess - well did he not know that Allah had destroyed before him from the generations who was more powerful in strength than him and in more collection (= Jam'aa) (of wealth) and the sinners are not asked about their sins; So he went out among his people in his show of magnificence so those who desire this World's Life said we wish we have what Qarun had been granted for he is certainly with great fortune (lucky); And those who were given knowledge said alas for you - the reward of Allah is better for the one who believes and does good deeds and only those with patience can achieve that; So We (Allah) made the earth sink down with him and his house so he did not have a party to support him other than Allah and he was not from the triumphant; And those who wanted to be in his place the day before started to say ah (regret) as if Allah gives plenty to whom He wills from his servants and He restricts - if Allah did not bestow His favour upon us we would have been sunk down - ah (regret) as if the disbelievers do not prosper.
Translation of: Ayat 76 - 82, Surat AlQasas.
Words: Bagha = Became oppresive, Kunouz = Treasures, Usbah = Group, Mafateeh = Keys, Tanou' = Are burdened by, Tafrah = Be arrogant with happiness, Ibtaghi = Seek - Look forward to, Tansa = Do not forget, Ahsana = Was charitable, Fasad = Corruption, Thanb = Sin, Thou Hadh = Of fortune, Adheem = Great, Quwwah = Power, Jam'aa = Collection - Amassing (of wealth), Zeenah = Show of magnificence, Sthawab = Reward, Fi'ah = Party, Way = Ah (regret), Yabsut = Gives plenty - Gives abundantly, Yaqdir = Restricts, Manna = Bestowed favour, Khasafa = Sunk down, Yufleh = Prosper - Succeed.
Q: When we give charity to the needy where does our charity actually reach?
A: Don't they know that Allah is Who accepts the repentance from His servants and He receives the alms (charity) (intended to please Allah)? And that Allah is The Most-Forgiving, The Most-Merciful.
Translation of: Ayah 104, Surat AlTawbah.
Words: Yaqbal = Accepts, Tawbah = Repentance, Ibad = Servants, Yakhudh = Receives, Sadaqat = Alms - Charity, Tawwab = Most-Forgiving.
Q: Why should we avoid being misers?
A: And let not those who withhold back what Allah has given them from His favour think that it (misery) is good for them; Rather it is bad for them: They will have collars around their necks with what they withheld back on the Day of Judgment; And to Allah belongs the inheritance of the Heavens and the earth; And Allah with what you do is Expert.
Translation of: Ayah 180, Surat AlImran.
Words: Yahsab = Thinks, Bakhila = Withheld back - Became miser, Khair = Good, Bel = Rather, Shar = Bad, Yutaweq = Have collar around the neck, Meeras(th) = Inheritance.
Q: Why should faith in Allah precede any work of charity?
A: Indeed those who disbelieved, their wealth and their offspring will not avail them anything from Allah and they are the companions of Hell: In it they will be everlasting. The example of what they spend on charity in this Life is like a wind in it squeaking (frosty wind) that hit the harvest of the people who wronged themselves and it destroyed it; And Allah was not unfair to them but to themselves they were unfair.
Translation of: Ayat 116 - 117, Surat AlImran.
Words: Kafara = Disbelieved, Tughni = Avails - Be of use, Reeh = Wind, Sir = Squeaking, Asab = Hit, Hars(th) = Harvest, Yunfiq = Spends on charity, Ahlaka = Destroyed, Dhalama = Wronged - Was unfair.
Q: What happens to the wealth if no charity is given from it?
A: For We (Allah) tested them (disbelievers of Mecca) with suffering as We had tested the owners of the garden* when they took an oath that they will harvest the fruits in the early morning; And they will not make an exception (for the needy); So a disaster from your (Muhammad's) God struck it while they were asleep; So it became as a bare land; So they called out in the early morning; You should go early in the morning for your harvest if you are going to harvest (the yield); So they set out while whispering; To not let today any needy person to enter it; And they left in the early morning bent on their purpose; Then when they saw it they said: We have certainly lost our way; No! (after contemplation) But we are deprived; So their middle one said: Did not I tell you if only you glorify Allah; They said: Glory to our God for we were wrongdoers (unjust); So they started to blame one another; They said: Woe (destruction) to us for we were transgressors; We pray that Allah replace it for us with a better one for to our God we are turning back in repentance; Such is the punishment! and the Punishment of the Other Life is greater if only they knew!
Translation of: Ayat 17 - 33, Surat AlQalam.
* According to Hassanain Mohammad Makhlouf, the ex-Mufti (top religious scholar) of Egypt: They inherited the garden from their father who used to give charity from its yield but they stopped it.
Words: Bala = Tested with suffering, Jannah = Garden, Aqsama = Took an oath - Swore, Yasrim = Cuts off the yield, Musbih = In the early morning, Yastas(th)ni = Will make no exception, Tafa Taif = A disaster struck, Sareem = Bare land, Tanadaou = They called out one another, Ughdou = Go early in the morning, Haras(th) = Harvest, Yatakhafat = Whispers, Yadkhul = Enters, Miskeen = Needy, Ala harad qadir = Bent on his purspose, Dhal =Lost his way, Mahroom = Deprived, Awsat = Middle one, Tusabih = You glorify Allah, Dhalim = Wrongdoer, Yatalawam = Blame, Taghi = Transgressor, Yubadil = Replace, Raghib = Turning back in repentance; Athab = Punishment, Akhirah = The Other Life.
Q: What is the reward of spending on the family and on charity?
A: And the example of those who spend their wealth seeking Allah's satisfaction and as faith affirmation from themselves is like a garden on a high land that got rained on heavily so its yield became double and if it did not get heavy rain so (at least) drizzle and Allah is of what you do Watchful.
Translation of: Ayah 265, Surat AlBaqarah.
Words: Masthal = Example, Yunfiq = Spends, Amwal = Wealth, Ebtigha' = Seeking, Mardhat = Satisfaction, Tasthbeetan = As faith affirmation, Min = From, Rabwah = High land - Hill, Wabil = Heavy rain, Ukul = Yield, Dhi'f = Double, Tal = Drizzle - Fine rain - Dew, Baseer = Watchful.
Q: How does Allah support those who are already guided to Allah's Way?
A: And Allah increases in Guidance those who are guided and the good works of continuing merits* are better in rewards with your God and better in return.
Translation of: Ayah 76, Surat Maryam.
* Like planting a tree that benefits the next generations as well.
Words: Yazeed = Increases, Ehtada = Is guided, Huda = Guidance, AlBaqiat AlSalihat = Good Works of continuing merits, Sthawaba = In Rewards, Maradda = In return.
Q: What type of charity pays the most according to Allah?
A: You will not reach the level of righteous work (= AlBirr)* until you spend from what you love and whatever you give out then Allah of it is Knowing.
Translation of: Ayah 92, Surat AlImran.
* "AlBirr" is a collective term for all types of righteous work. "AlBirr" indicates a high level of Faith.
Note: In a summary of a speech of the Prophet Muhammad: One of the companions of the Prophet, Abu Talha had a lot of wealth in AlMadina. When the verse of the Qur'an came down he told the Prophet that he is giving out a prosperous land with palm trees facing the Prophet's Mosque which was his most loved wealth. The prophet suggested that he distributes it among the man's relatives and he did.
Words: Nala = Reached the level, Hatta = Until, Tunfiq = Gives out, Tuhib = You love, Min shaye' = Whatever.
Q: What part of one's wealth a person can say that he really owns it?
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) for my God gives sustenance in abundance to whoever from His servants (people) He wills and He restricts for him (whoever) and whatever you spend (proper spending) then He will replace it and he is the Best of providers.
Translation of: Ayah 39, Surat Saba'.
* In Islam appropriate spending (no lavish or miserly spending neither spending on unlawful things or actions) on oneself and one's family is considered a form of charity. In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: The best Dirham (dollar) one spends is the Dirham spent on his (immediate) family. In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: Whenever a day starts two angels come down. The first one says: God give the one who spends replacement (for what he spent). The other one says: God give the one who restrains (his wealth) destruction. (In Arabic: Allahumma A'ti Munfiqan Khalafa waA'ti Mumsikan Talafa).
Note: In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad, narrated by Abi Hurairah: The person keeps on saying: My wealth, my wealth! But he really owns from his wealth three: What he ate and finished and what clothes he wore and used and what charity he gave and sent forward (to Allah = amdha). But wealth other than that is going away and he is leaving it for other people. Source: Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Kastheerm, volume 3, page 671.
Words: Yabsut = Gives in abundance, Rizq = Sustenance, Ibad = Servants, Yakdir = Restricts, Lahu = For him, Anfaqtum = You spend, Yukhlif = Replaces, Khair = Best, Raziqeen = Providers - Sustainers.
Q: Which act of charity is better: The revealed one or the one kept secret?
A: If you reveal your acts of charity so it is good and if you conceal* them and give them the poor then it is better for you and it (charity) will remit (cancel some) of your sins and Allah is with what you do Well-Acquainted.
Translation of: Ayah 271, Surat AlBaqarah.
* For example at least the donor is kept secret.
Note: In a summary of a speech of the Prophet Muhammad, Seven (types of the faithful) will be placed under the shade of Allah when there is no shade (on Day of Judgment) except Allah's: A just judge, a youth grew up worshipping Allah, two men befriended each other in the love of Allah - they met and departed loving Allah, a man's heart is set on a mosque until he comes back to it, a man remembered Allah alone so his eyes flooded with tears, a man was seduced by a beautiful woman of a high status but he said 'I fear Allah' and a man gave charity and he hid it so his left hand does not know what his right hand spends. Source: Tafseer AlQur'an AlAdheem liIbn Kastheer, page. 455.
Words: Tubdou = You reveal - You show, Sadaqqat = Acts of charity - Charity (plural), Ni'emma = Good, Tukhfou = Conceal - Yukaffir = Remit - Cancel - Pardon, Sayye'at = Sins.
Q: Why is abstaining from charity considered an act of arrogance and simplistic thought that lacks
subtlety and penetration?
A: And when they are told: Spend from what sustenance Allah has provided you the disbelievers say to the believers: Are we going to feed the one whom if Allah willed He would have fed - you are certainly only in a manifest error!
Translation of: Ayah 47, Surat YaSeen.
Note: The above answer is simplistic because it lacks the obvious knowledge of religion, why man is on earth and the real purpose behind Allah's giving wealth to some people. It also shows arrogance as if they are favoured by Allah above the others.
Words: Qeela Lahum = They are told, Anfiqou = Spend, Razaqakum Allah = Sustenance Allah gave you, ANutem = Are we going to feed, Dhallal = Error - Straying away from the Path of Allah.
Q: Besides giving the clearly known poor people which other poor we must help financially?
A: (Charity is also) For the poor who are kept within bounds for being in Allah's Cause* - they are incapable of moving freely in the land - The ignorant will think they are rich because of their abstinence from begging - you know them by their mark: They do not beg people without real need (unnecessarily = ilhafa) - and whatever charity you make so Allah of it is Knowledgeable.
Translation of: Ayah 273, Surat AlBaqarah.
* For example studying Allah's Religion, fighting in Allah's Cause...etc. Reference is to some Muslims who had to migrate from Mecca to AlMadinah running away with their Islam.
Note: In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: Who begs for money when he has the worth of forty dirham (enough) then he is begging without real need (= ilhafa). Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 1, page 459.
Words: Fuqara = Poor, Uhsirou = Kept within bounds - Shut in, Yastateeoun = They are incapable, Dharban = Moving freely, Seemahum = Their mark, Yasa'loun = Ask - Beg, Ilhafa = Without real need - Beg persistently.
Q: Why are the disbelievers who make charity encouraged to believe in Allah?
A: (Humniliated punishment is for)* Also those who spend of their wealth to show off among people and they do not believe in Allah neither in the Last Day (Day of Judgment) and whoever Satan is his companion** then what an evil companion is he; And what will they lose*** if they believe in Allah and the Last Day and spend from what wealth Allah gave them and Allah of them is All-Knowing.
Translation of: Ayat 38 - 39, Surat AlNisa'.
* Line 37 mentions humiliated punishment for the misers (stingy with money).
* Showing off to be called charitable is a bad deed prompted by Satan.
*** Remember Allah will make the deeds of the charitable disbelievers into tiny dust particles on the Day of Judgment.
Note: In an excerpt of a Holy Saying (= Hadeesth Qudsi) directly from Allah through the Angel Gabriel and narrated by the Prophet Muhammad: The wealthy person (certain wealthy persons) will say (on the Day of Judgment) I did not leave anything You like to be spent in without spending (in it) in Your Path (for Your Sake). Allah will say: You lied! You wanted to be called "charitable" and it was said (you took your reward in life). Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 1, page 698.
Words: Yunfiqoun Amwalahum = Spend of their wealth, Ria'a' AlNas = Showing off among people, Shaitan = Satan - one of the Jinn, Qareena = Companion, Matha Alayhum = What will they lose, Razakahum Allah = Wealth Allah gave them - Sustenance Allah gave them.
Q: Why is it important to make sure that our righteous deeds are pure: Done with the intention of pleasing Allah
alone and based on lawful (halal) weatlh and acts?
A: Does anyone of you like to have a garden of palm trees and vines underneath which the rivers flow - in it from every fruit* and he was afflicted by old age and he had weak offspring** then a fiery whirlwind struck it and it burnt down*** - this is how Allah explains to you the Lines (Qur'an) so as you may contemplate.
Translation of: Ayah 266, Surat AlBaqarah.
* Symbolizes an outstanding good deed.
** Symbolizes the need to have the fruits of the outstanding good deed on the Day of Judgment.
*** Symbolizes the outstanding good deed fails.
Note: In a summary of a Holy Saying (= "Hadeesth Qudsi" directly from Allah through the Angel Gabriel and not part of the Qur'an) narrated by the Prophet Muhammad: Allah the Sublime said: I am the One Who can do the most without partners. Whoever does a work (good deed) and joins in it (its intention) a partner with Me I will leave him and his partnership. Source: AlAhadeeth AlQudsiyyah, page 221.
Note: Also to please Allah the source of the righteous deed should not be wealth gained from unlawful (= haram) sources.
Words: AYawad Ahadukum = Does anyone of you like, Nakheel = Palm trees, A'nab = Vines, Sthamarat = Fruits, Asabahu = Is afflicted, Alkibar = Old age, Thurriyah = Offsrping, Dhua'fa' = Weak - Feeble, I'sar = Whirlwind, Feehi Nar = Fiery - With fire in it, Ehtaraqat = It burnt down,Yubayyen = Explains, Tatafakaroun = You contemplate - You think.
Q: Why does man love to keep his wealth over spending it in what pleases Allah (Allah's
A: Say (command to Prophet Muhammad) if you own the Treasures of my God's Mercy (Favour) then you would have held (them) back for fear of running out (of it) and man is too much of a miser.
Translation of: Ayah 100, Surat AlIsra' (known as Surat Beni Israel).
Words: Tamlikoun = You own, Khaza'in = Treasures, Rahmat = Mercy - Bounties, Amsaktum = Held back, Khashyat = For Fear, AlInfaq = Running out - Exhaustion, Qatoura = Too much of a miser - Too much stingy.
Q: When a believer in Allah gives out charity to whom he really gives?
A: Who is the one who gives Allah a good* loan so He (Allah) will double** it for him (on the Day of Judgment) and for him is a generous reward.
Translation of: Ayah 11, Surat AlHadeed
* Charity should be made with the intention of pleasing Allah without demeaning whom you give and from the good part of your wealth in case of agricultural produce for example.
** Good deeds are rewarded double.
Words: Yuqridh = Gives a loan, Hasanan = Good, FaYudha'ifhu = He will double it, Ajr = Reward, Kareem = Generous.
Q: When people are in dire need does Allah want us to weigh our opinions regarding helping them?
Note: Reference is to the flood victims in Pakistan (August 2010)
A: Here you are called to spend in the Path* of Allah but from you who becomes a miser and whoever becomes a miser so he becomes a miser towards his own soul and Allah is Who Can Do Without and you (people) are the needy ones and (a threat from Allah) if you turn away He (Allah) will substitute people other than you (in your place) and they will not be like you.
Translation of: Ayah 38, Surat Muhammad.
* Spending to please Allah alone means spending in the Path of Allah. Example is feeding those in need.
Words: Tudouna = You are called, Yabkhal = Becomes a miser, Nafsihi = His own soul, AlGhani = Who Can Do Without - The Rich, AlFuqara' = The needy, Tatawalou = If you turn away, Ystabdil = He will substitute, Qawman = People, Garaakum = Other than you, Amsthalalakum = Like you.
Q: When giving out charity why should you try hard to give from what you like and not from what you do
A: O people who have faith (in Allah) spend from the good things that you have acquired and from (the good of) what We (Allah) produced for you (crops) from the earth and do not aim at the bad to spend out of it when you (yourself) are not going to take it except when you close your eyes in (taking) it and do know that Allah is Who Can Do Without, Praiseworthy.
Translation of: Ayah 267, Surat AlBaqarah.
Words: Anfiqou = Spend, Tayyebat = Good things - Pleasant things - Delights, Kasabtum = That you have acquired, Tayammamou = Aim at, AlKhabeesth = The bad, Tunfiqoun = You spend, BiAkhithiyh = Going to take it, Tughmidhou = When you close your eyes.
Q: Why at the time of widespread disaster people should become content with what charity they receive and they should
refrain from taking more than what they immediately need?
A: And from them are who finds fault (slanders) with you (Prophet Muhammad) regarding the (distribution of) charities so if they are given from them they become content and if they are not given from them they suddenly hold a grudge; And only if they became content with what Allah and His Prophet gave them and said enough Allah for us Allah will provide us from His Mercy and His Prophet (gives a fair share) for indeed to Allah we are turning with desire.
Translation of: Ayat 58 - 59, Surat AlTawbah .
Note: Please note how the person in charge of charity distribution should be God-fearing and with morals somehow similar to the Prophet Muhammad.
Words: Yalmizuka = Finds fault, AlSadaqat = The charities, U'tou = Were given, Yaskhatoun = They hold a grudge - They become angry, Rakhou = They became content, Raghiboun = Turning with desire.
Q: What will happen to those who exploit charity and derive advantage or profit what little soever while being in charge
Hint: Reference is to some MPs with connection to those in charge of distribution rations in Pakistan asking for votes from the flood victims in exchange for ratins as reported by BBC- the Urdu Page.
A: And it was not allowed for a prophet to exploit* (dishonestly take) and whoever exploits will come with it on the Day of Judgment then every soul will receive what it earned (from deeds) and no injustice will be done to them.
Translation of: Ayah 161, Surat AlImran.
* After a war Muslims found a luxurious fabric missing and the word was spread that maybe the Prophet took it but Allah cleared him peace be upon him.
Note: Note how the Prophet Muhammad will not intercede with Allah on the Day of Judgment for the person who exploits charity, rations, spoils...etc while being in charge of them.
In a brief summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad regarding exploiting what belongs to the public: "On the Day of Judgment I will not associate with someone I know carrying a sheep (he took unjustly) on the back of his neck calling me for help: O Muhammad, O Muhammad. So I will say: I cannot do anything for you (intercession) with Allah for I had informed you."
Then the Prophet repeated it three times - two times with different types of wealth and the last time being a worthless item. Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, Volume 1, Page 589.
Words: Yaghul = Exploit - Derive profit - Take unjustly, Tuwaffa = Will receive, Kasabat = Earned.
Q: Why should people be very generous when they give charity?
A: If you give Allah a good* loan He will double it for you and grant you forgiveness and Allah is Grateful, Tolerant**.
Translation of: Ayah 17, Surat AlTaghabun.
* For Allah's Sake.
** Waits before punishing people so that they have a chance to repent.
Words: Tuqridhou = Give a loan (plural), Yaghfir = Grants forgiveness.
Q: Whose wealth that we own is originally?
A: Believe in Allah and His Prophet (Muhammad) and spend from what He (Allah) made you successors* in so those from you who have believed and spent for them is a great reward (with Allah).
Translation of: Ayah 7, Surat AlHadeed.
* Heirs. We own what belonged to the people who lived before us and so on. All belongs to Allah.
Words: Anfiqou = Spend - Give charity, Mustakhlafeeyna = Successors - Heirs, Ajr = Reward, Kabeer = Great.
Q: What psychological illness does charity cure?
A: So do protect yourselves by fearing Allah as much as you are capable of and listen and obey (Allah and the Prophet Muhammad) and do spend* for it is better for yourselves and whoever protects himself against the stinginess (selfishness) of his own soul then they are the well off (with Allah).
Translation of: Ayah 16, Surat AlTaghabun.
* Spending on one's immediate family is a form of charity.
Words: Fataqou = So do protect yourselves, Estata'tum = You are capable of - You can, Esma'ou = Listen, Ateeou = Obey, Anfiqou = Spend, Khairan = it is Better, Youqa = Protects himself against, Shuhha = Stinginess - No generosity, AlMuflihoun = The well off - The Fortunate.
Q: According to Islam why do the workers on collecting alms (voluntary charity = sadaqat)
have a lawful share in it?
A: Indeed the alms (= AlSadaqat) are for the poor and the needy* and those who work on them** and those whose hearts*** need winning over and to free slaves and those who are in (justified) debt and in the Path of Allah**** and the travelers in need - a prescribed share (= fareedhah) from Allah and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
Translation of: Ayah 60, Surat AlTawbah.
* A poor person (= faqeer) is the one who is in need and asks for financial help. A needy person (= miskeen) the one who is in need but he does not go around asking for financial help.
** In a summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: The alms (= AlSadaqah) is not lawful for a rich person except in five (categories): The person working on it, or a man bought it with his own wealth (a rich man traveled to another place and ran out of money), or those in (justified) debt (= ghaarim), or a fighter in the Path of Allah or a needy person who was given charity but he gifted from it to a rich person. Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 2 page 535.
, *** Non Muslims or newly converted to Islam who still have to see the greatness of support in Islam.
**** Like for Jihad or sending someone to Hajj (Pilgrimage).
Words: AlSadaqat = The alms - Voluntary charity, AlA'mileena Alayha = Those who work on them, AlMoallafati Quloubihim = Whose hearts need winning over, Fi AlRiqab = To free slaves, AlGharimeen = Those who are in (justified) debt, Fi Sabeel Allah = In the Path of Allah, Fareedha = Prescribed share - Ordinance.
Q: Why should a Muslim beware of being a miser when he is granted a favour for which he prayed to
Note: When you pray earnestly to Allah for a favour you have the intention of doing what Allah commanded from charity and other good deeds even if you do not say it.
A: And from them (Muslims) who made a vow to Allah that if Allah grants us from His Favour we will certainly give (voluntary) charity (= sadaqah) and we will certainly be from the good deed doers; So when Allah granted them from His Favour they became miser with it and they turned away resisting (it); So Allah caused hypocrisy settle in their hearts to the Day they are going to meet Him because of what they broke their promise with Allah and because of what they were lying; Did they not realize that Allah knows their secret talk and their private talk and that Allah is the All-Knowing of secrets.
Translation of: Ayat 75 - 78 , Surat AlTawbah.
Note: It is narrated that these lines of the Qur'an were sent down when a man called "Sthalabah Bin Hatib AlAnsari" asked the Prophet Muhammad to pray to Allah to give him wealth. The Prophet said: Woe unto you (expressing regret and disapproval) = Wayhak Sthalabah! A little you thank Allah for is better than a lot you cannot handle (thanking Allah for it). And the Prophet also said: Do you not want to be like the Prophet of Allah. By in Whose Hand is my soul if I wanted the mountains to turn into gold and silver for me they would have been (by the Prophe'ts praying to Allah). Sthalabah said: By the One who sent you with the Truth if you prayed Allah for me and He gave me wealth I will certainly give everyone his due right. So the Prophet Muhammad prayed: Our God grant Sthalabah wealth. So he took sheep and they grew like the growing of worms. Because of their number he had to leave the city and live in a valley. Slowly he started to leave the group prayer until he left the Friday group prayer. Then the Prophet sent a man to collect voluntary charity (sadaqah) from Sthalabah so he kept the messenger going to and fro making excuses. And he said the "sadaqah" is the sister of "AlJizyah" that was dictated on the non Muslims (under Muslims' protection). When the Prophet saw his messenger coming he said: Woe unto Sthalabah. A relative of Sthalabah heard the Prophet and warned him. So he came with his charity to the Prophet. The Prophet said: Allah prevented me from accepting it. Later on Sthalabah tried to give charity to the four caliphs consecutively but each in turn refused to take it since the Prophet did not. Sthalabah died during the time of the fourth Caliph Usthman Bin Affan. Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 2, pages 546 - 547.
Words: Aahada = He made a vow to Allah, Aatana = Granted it, LaNasaddaqna = We will certainly give charity, Bakhilou = Became miser - Became stingy, Nifaqan = Hypocrisy, Akhlafou Wa'adouh = Broke.their promise, Yakthiboun = Lying, Ya'lamou = Realize, Sirrahum = Their secret talk, Najwahum = Their private talk - Their whispering, AlGhoyoub = The secrets.
Q: Why should people not make fun of the givers of voluntary charity (= sadaqah) and what they give?
A: The ones (hypocrites) who find fault with those who voluntarily give* among the believers regarding the voluntary charity (= sadaqat) and with those who do not find except their hard work** so they mock them - Allah will mock them (the mockers) and for them is a painful punishment.
Translation of: Ayah 79, Surat AlTawbah.
*, ** It is narrated that AbdulRahman Bin Ouf, the rich companion, said to the Prophet Muhammad: I have eight thousand dirhams. Four I give them as a loan (= sadaqah) to my God and four I keep them. The Prophet said: May Allah bless what you gave and what you kept. Some hypocrites slandered him saying: By God AbdulRahman did not give except to show off (= riya'). Another Muslim from the Ansar said to the Prophet Muhammad: I worked all night transferring water until I was given two cubic measures (= sa'ayn) of dates. One I kept it for my children and one I am giving it as a loan (= sadaqah) to my God. The hypocrites slandered him saying: Allah and His prophet can do without his giving. Source: Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume two, pages 548 - 549.
Words: Yalmizoun = Find fault with - Slander, AlMuttaween = Those who voluntarily give, Yajidoun = Find, Juhdahum = Their hard work, FaYaskharoun = So they mock, Aleem = Painful.
Q: To cut down poverty in those Muslim countries who accept aid from the rich counties whom should their rich
people be kind to and help financially?
A: And worship Allah and do not join with Him any partner and kindness towards the parents, the relatives, the orphans, the needy, the nearby neighbour*, the far-away neighbour, the close friend, the way-farer (traveler in need) and your servants for Allah does not like who is snob (self-conceited), boastful; Those who are stingy (miser) and they order people to be stingy and they hide what Allah gave them** from His Grace! And We (Allah) had prepared for the ungrateful (to Allah) a humiliating punishment.
Translation of: Ayah 36 - 37, Surat AlNisa'.
* Up to 7 neighbours as mentioned in a saying of the Prophet Muhammad.
** Nowadays in foreign banks.
Words: U'bodou = Worship, La Tushrikou biHi Shayan = They do not join with Him any partner, Ihsana = Kindness, Bithi AlQurba = The relatives, AlYatama = The orphans, AlMasakeen = The needy, AlJar Thi AlQurba = The nearby neighbour, AlJunub = Far away, AlSahib Biljanb = The close friend, Ibn AlSabeel = The wary-farer - The traveler, Mukhtalan = Snob, Fakhoura = boastful, Yabkhaloun = Become stingy - Become a miser, Ya'muroun = They Order, Yaktumoun = They hide, Fadhl = Grace, A'tadna = We had prepared, Kafireen = Ungrateful (to Allah) - Disbelievers, Muheena =Humiliating.
Q: What can put an end to the refugees problems nowadays, as indicated by the preacher of
Masjid Al-Qurtaba - Scarborough, in the Friday Sermon?
A: Indeed your Supporter is Allah and His Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) and those who have Faith - those who perform the prayer and give the prescribed charity* (= Zakat) while kneeling (being humble).
Translation of: Ayah 55, Surat AlMa'idah.
* 2.5% of money. Other assets have their own prescribed amounts.
Words: Waliyukum = Your Supporter, Yuqeemoun = Perform, Yu'toun = They give, Raakoun = Kneeling - Being humble.
Q: Why is it A MUST for the wealthy and the financially capable people to give charity to people who are really in
Note: A wake up call! Currently many of us eat and drink freely while our East African (Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya) brothers in Islam and in humanity are facing an acute famine.
A: So do give the relative* his due right and the needy and the wayfarer** - that is best for those who want Allah's Sake (to please Allah) and those are the prosperous (with Allah).
Translation of: Ayah 38, Surat AlRoum.
* Charity and not severing relationship with the relatives.
* The traveler in need.
Note: Feeding the needy results in a great reward from Allah.
Words: FaAati = So do give, Tha AlQurba = Relative, Haqqahu = His due right - What is a must for him, Khair = Best, Yureedoun Wajh Allah = They want Allah's Sake - They want to please Allah, AlMuflihoun = The prosperous - The winners.
Q: Why does it show lack of knowledge not to spend on some people who are in need if you do not like their
A: They (hypocrites) are the ones who say do not spend on who is with Allah's Messenger (Prophet Muhammad) so that they disperse and to Allah belong the treasures of the Heavens and the earth but the hypocrites do not understand (it).
Translation of: Ayah 7, Surat AlMunafiqoun.
Words: Hum = They, La Tunfiqou = Do not spend, Inda = With, Yanfadhou = Disperse, Khaza'in = Treasures, AlMunafiqeen = The hypocrites, La Yafqahoun = They do not understand - They do not apprehend.
Q: Why do supposedly harsh Muslims (living outside cities) give out charity?
A: And from the Bedouin Arabs* who believes in Allah and the Last Day (Day of Judgment) and he considers whatever (charity) he spends** as pious deeds bringing him nearer to Allah and the prayers of the Messenger*** - well it is (charity) indeed a pious deed bringing them nearer - Allah will admit them to His Mercy for Allah is Most-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.
Translation of: Ayah 99, Surat AlTawbah.
* Those who live outside cities are known to be more harsh (rough) than the dwellers of cities. But Allah says they are not the same. As mentioned in Tafseer Ibn Kastheer, volume 2, page 559: In summary of a saying of the Prophet Muhammad: A group of Bedouin Arabs came to the Prophet Muhammad. They said: Do you (people of cities) kiss your young sons (=Subyankum)? They (companions) said: Yes. They said: By Allah we do not kiss our sons. The Prophet Muhammad said: Can I do anything if Allah has taken away Mercy from your hearts.
** What is the best charity?
*** When the Prophet Muhammad was among them he used to pray for them.
Words: AlA'rab = Bedouin Arabs, Yatakhith = He has in mind, Ma Yunfiq = Whatever he spends, Qurubat Ind Allah = Pious deeds bringing nearer to Allah, Salawat = Prayers.
Q: Why will those judged by Allah to be guilty not be able to ransom themselves from Hellfire?
A: By no means* - it (Hellfire) is a pure flame of fire; Having an inclination to roast (the skin); Calls forward (to it) who turned his back and rejected (Faith); And he amassed (wealth) then he hoarded it.
Translation of: Ayat 15 - 18, Surat AlMa'arij.
* No ransom to free those doomed to Allah's punishment.
Words: Ladha = Pure Flame of fire, Nazzaa'ah = Having an inclination - Tending, LilShawa = To roast - To grill, Taddou = Calls forward, Adbar = Turned his back, Tawwala = Rejected - Turned away, Jamma' = Amassed, FaAw'aa = Then he hoarded it - (literally saved it in a container).
Q: Which believers will be spared from the punishment in Hell?
Note: Muslims who make sins will be punished or forgiven by Allah before being admitted to Paradise.
A: And who protects himself by being the most fearing (of Allah) will be spared from it (Fire of Hell); The one who spends his wealth to augment* (with Allah); And from none he expects a reward be given for a favour (he did); Except for the Sake of his God the Most-High; And (Allah judged) he will certainly be pleased.
Translation of: Ayat 17 - 21, Surat AlLayl.
* An example through giving food.
Words: SaYajjanabuha = Will be spared from it, AlAtqa = Who protects himself by being the most fearing (of Allah); Yu'ti = Spends, Malahu = His wealth, Yatazakka = To augment - To increase, Ma Min Ahad Indahu = From none he expects, Ni'mah = A favour, Tujza = Reward be given, Illa = Except, Ibtigha' = Seeing, Wajhi = Sake, Rubbihi = His God, AlA'la = The Most-High, Yardh = Will be pleased - Will be satisfied.
Q: Are the charitable deeds of the disbelievers counted with Allah?
A: The parable of those who disbelieved in their God - their (charitable) deeds are like ashes - the wind blew it violently on a stormy day - they have no power over anything of what they did - this is the far-fetched straying (away from the Path of Allah).
Translation of: Ayah 18, Surat Ibraheem.
Words: A'maluhum = Their deeds, KaRamad = Like ashes, Eshtaddat =Blew it violently, AlReeh = Wind, Aasif = Stormy, La Yaqdiroun = They have no power, Kasabou = They did - They earned, AlDhallal = Straying - Error, AlBa'eed = Far-fetched.
Q: What is the intention behind charity to be rewarded by Allah?
A: Indeed the charitable men and charitable women plus (= wa)* who lent Allah a good loan - it (reward) will be doubled for them and for them is a generous reward.
Translation of: Ayah 18, Surat AlHadeed.
* The condition for the charity to be accepted by Allah is the intention it is done for pleasing Allah. So Allah will accept it as a loan that has to be rewarded double many times and more.
Words: AlMusaddiqeen = The charitable men, Aqradhou = Lent, Hasana = Good, Yudha'af = Will be doubled, Ajr = Reward.
Q: Why should we define the intention behind doing righteous deeds?
A: Whoever wants (by his good deeds) the harvest (results or fruits) of the Other World We (Allah) will augment for him in his harvest and whoever wants the harvest of this life We will grant him of it and he does not have in the Other World any share.
Translation of: Ayah 20, Surat AlShoura.
Note: Remember the Holy Saying about the intention behind charitable work.
Words: Yureed = Wants, Harsth = Harvest - Cultivation, Nu'tihi = We will grant him, Naseeb = Share.
Q: Is the person who withholds from giving charity considered on the Path of Allah?
A: Those who withhold from giving (charity) and command miserliness to people and whoever turns away (from Allah's Path) then Allah is Who can do without, the Praiseworthy.
Translation of: Ayah 24, Surat AlHadeed.
Note: Remember the importance of spending on one's family.
Words: Yabkhaloun = Who withhold from giving - Become miserly, Ya'moroun = Command, Yatawalla = Turns away, AlGhani = Who can do without.
Q: Why capable Muslims should spend in what pleases Allah? How are the pioneers of Islam honoured?
A: What is wrong with you that you do not spend in the Path of Allah* and to Allah belongs the Inheritance** of the Heavens and the earth - not equal among you who spent before the Victory (Conquer of Mecca) and fought - those are higher in rank (of Paradise) from those who spent after that and fought - and all (of them) Allah had promised the Best Outcome (= AlHusna***) and Allah of what you do is Well-Acquainted.
* In what pleases Allah.
** So our wealth is temporarily with us.
*** Refers to Paradise.
Translation of: Ayah 10, Surat AlHadeed.
Words: Alla Yunfiqou = You do not spend, Meerasth = Inheritance, La Yastawi = Not equal, AlFathh = The victory, A'dham Darajah = Higher in rank, Wa'ada = Promised, AlHusna = The Best Outcome - The Happy Ending - The best - Refers to Paradise.
Q: What two rights do we have to observe in agricultural wealth?
A: And He (Allah) is Who brought into existence gardens trellised (plants interweaved) and untrellised - and the palm trees and the plants with diverse taste and the olive and the pomegranates similar and unsimilar - do eat from its crops when it is cultivated and do give its due right (dictated charity) on the day of gathering its yield and do not exceed the limits (in eating)* for He (Allah) does not like the extravagant people.
Translation of: Ayah 141, Surat AlAn'am (6).
* Be moderate in eating and do not be wasteful.
Words: Ansha'a = Brought into existence, Jannat = Gardens, Ma'roushat = Trellised - Interweaved, Mukhtalifan Ukuluhu = With diverse taste, AlRomman = The Pomegranate, Mutashabihan = Similar, Sthamarihi = Its crops - Its produce, Asthmara = Is cultivated, Hasadihi = Gathering its yield, La Tusrifou = Do not exceed the limits - Do not be extravagant (wasteful), AlMusrifeen = The extravagant people.